It’s a very sensitive issue that I was personally avoiding to touch. I was reading a book- a real book,not an e-book- the other day and it mentioned the 1994 S.Africa killings and all that that we would like to push in the back part of our minds.I am fully aware of the fact that in all races and colors there are altered personalities,greed and corruption can reach everyone and few can say no to power and all that it brings with it.I won’t take sides,I do believe that S.Africa has taken the wrong course- and it’s not their fault.Nations living under pressure and fear and full lack of freedom ,usually do not always use their liberty & civil rights the right way.As i said,I simply do not take sides.I did while the Apartheid was in full practice but did it really died?
Don’t ask me who is right and who is wrong,I think that we,as human race,have lost the sense of right and wrong.White people have been exploiting- if not enslaving – black people for many years,depriving them from any form of freedom,rights,possesion,freedom of will. If you ask me,I’d say that black people have suffered so many that almost no other race in this earth has.Injustice awakens a wave of revenge- if that;s the proper word.But is revenge the proper word for building a future – even if it is hard to think of a future- or for building a present on a brand new basis- even if it’s hard to even dream of it.
I am one of the many still bleeding for the Black continent and the way it is being sacrificed to the western interests.Looks like it’s not enough if the killings in the heart of the Apartheid don’t stop.Just one last word that is already known: hatred has been planted among us all since ages ago. Killing a neighbor serves no cause. Killing an arab serves no cause as well
( just remembered of this song )
Killing anyone doesn’t mean we got the solution. Is exactly what the governments want us to do : kill each other.
Apartheid based on race is outlawed now, but the system always went far deeper than that.
The cruelty and injustice were underwritten by an economic apartheid, which regarded people as no more than cheap expendable labor. It was backed by great business corporations in South Africa, Britain, the rest of Europe, and the United States.
And it was this apartheid based on money and profit to allow a small minority to control most of the land, most of the industrial wealth, and most of the economic power. Today, the same system is called – without a trace of irony – the free market.
John Pilger was banned from South Africa for his reporting during the apartheid era. On his return thirty years later with Alan Lowery, he describes the extraordinary generosity of a liberated people, but asks who are the true beneficiaries of a democracy – the black majority or the white minority?
Cry The Beloved Peoples: An In-Depth View of How the Apartheidizers Blame the Victims in Contemporary South Africa
Making the Victim and Blaming The victim
An Overview on Historical Talking Points
A casual look and perusal on the History, Media and information systems in South Africa reveal a very well orchestrated effort to blemish the image of African South Africans who are Victims of Apartheid in the eyes of the world, to that of a Tyrannical Majority as has been promulgated through the Web. It was well and good that Mandela was freed from prison and became the first African President of South Africa. But what has happened since then is what has been billed as Rainbow-type of social relations that have manifest themselves as a “new” reality to South Africa. In plain and simple language, the strategy is to criticize African rule as being incompetent, corrupt and tyrannical have become the buzz-words of South Africa today. Some of it is true, the other is propaganda. The democratically majority-elected ANC has been assailed by the minority former assets of the white intelligentsia who are also hurling all types of accusations their way; and, it is that type of dialogue that is presently found and is dominant on the Web and internal newspapers and radios/TV in South Africa today. What has happened in South Africa to Africans under Apartheid has not really been told in its full Historical narrative from the point of view of the victims, yet. The Apartheid regime saw to it that during their rule, they erased “most” of the horrid and degrading practices, history and memory on the Africans and what and how they did it by fully utilizing their Censorship Board, Security Apparatuses, Draconian Laws, Shredding of Evidence, and looting and seizing information from the African Press; some books in the libraries had pages excised or plastered-over with hard glue and carefully cut newspaper pieces, blackened out pages and the like, from through some Health for African South Africans, segregated Sports, separate Social living, dilapidated Poor Housing, sparse Social services, unequal land Inferior Education, One sided Economy, separate Religion and divided religious practices; unequal allocation of the country’s wealth, and unfair land allocation and distribution, permeation and entrenchment of racist attitudes, Inferior foods, Intensive and torture, intimidation, frontline wars murder and plunder and human degradation and dehumanization, in a word or so. The erasure of African history in the past 50-plus years of Apartheidized rule and victimization and genocide of Africans, is now being worked on and restored as the new communication of Internet Medium makes possible access to the world easier and practical.
Genocide in Random House Dictionary is defined as: “The deliberate and systemic extermination of a national, racial, political or cultural group.” The continued deaths among the people of African descent in South Africa from AIDS, TB, Cholera, Dysentery, Poverty and joblessness,Drugs, Crack, Mandrax Pills crime and lack of medicines and poorly staffed hospitals and so on, has been recorded in some books, and now it needs to be talked about more in the Web. One of the main problems of the many is that the past of Apartheid has not still been properly confronted, justly and fully addressed. Corruption and racism are deeply embedded deep within the present society. Both these social evils are working in tandem to conceal, effectively, the many tears that had been shed from the murderous and insane abuses of Apartheid onto the souls and society of Africans. Many of the core apartheid machinery’s most senior functionaries still remain within the army, the police, the secret services and the civil services. The present ANC leadership is beholden to its former masters and are compromised because they too still harbor secrets and abuses which leave them open to blackmail and manipulation. They are fully in cahoots with the past regime in a myriad ways. The collusion between the former Apartheid Masters and their present oppressed ANC government need to be put into a much more clearer perspectives in the future. Apartheid has and is alive and still decimating the African population through one of the most horrific racist social engineering techniques of modern times in South Africa. In the middle, between the Masters(Apartheid Regime) and the Slave drivers(ANC) , are the poor and repressed, depressed and oppressed African Masses crying and in a schizophrenic way, give loyalty and support to their detractors – more specifically, the ANC government: which, and leaves the people are now wondering about as to what type of government they have put in power, which during its 16 year rule, the ANC has been foreshadowed by time constraints, managerial shortcomings, bungled social engineering efforts, corruption, inefficiencies, lacking-in-experience in governance and a myriad of other failures, cronyism, nepotism and with this has drawn towards itself attack form their former masters as they, too, cover their atrocities which they have dealt the African society, and now the African society has been left to its own means – meanwhile sustained criticism is consistently laid on the Door of the ANC administration and all those that voted them into power.
South Africa’s Hidden War Within
In the paragraph above, the definition for genocide has been cited from the the Random House Dictionary to be able to unveil the curtain of what is called the political miracle that is the “New South Africa” is like, and this will be helpful in putting into perspective the hidden history of the Apartheid’s past and unstable and horrible concrete reality faced by the African masses. The release of Mandela from prison in Robben Island did not end Apartheid, nor was he becoming the First African President of the country since the coming of the European Settlers meant that the African people were free; his release merely sub-ducted the Afrikaner past and atrocities into the underbelly of turbulent contemporary South African society. A lot is known about the previous Apartheid regime when it was in ‘plain sight’, as a regional power and a government, but as to how it got there, what did it do in the waning days of its last gasp and where it is lodged now, is a very hard thing to do, and simply less known. It is important to begin by looking first overall Apartheid’s Total Strategy, as a desperate measure applied by the regime in various stages and areas of social endeavors, throughout the South African Social life and within the African milieu.
The collapse of the Portuguese colonial empire in Mozambique(now Maputo) and Angola in 1974, and then, six years later, the minority regime in Rhodesia(now Zimbabwe), made way for for independent African governments. The leaders of these countries were committed to opposing Apartheid and to giving all possible support to the Majority Africans within and outside South Africa. Inside South Africa, police repression had been so harsh that it successfully eliminated all African opposition to apartheid. In the mid-sixties, ANC had launched a series of moves trying to infiltrate some guerillas into the country but they were crushed in what got to be known as the Wankie wars; in this case, Ian Smith played a very crucial role in intercepting the fighters as they tried to pass through the then Rhodesia(Zimbabwe). But the police shootings of the youth protesters in Soweto, in June 1976 helped to swell the ANC ranks and the onset of guerilla attacks within the country. The challenge to white domination emerged at many levels – African protest and guerrilla activity at home, the new African governments opposed to Apartheid on its borders, and intensified international pressures through sanctions and boycotts, made it necessary to conceive of a strategy. The total strategy doctrine conceived and applied by the Botha government was an attempt to counter each of these multi-pronged attacks on it , that they relied heavily on their military machinery and also on the intelligence and police apparatus. Botha’s government decided to implement a strategy by which modifications in the structure of Apartheid were to be carried out behind a shield of aggressive military and various other covert and overt means which set the stage for systematic oppression that has lasted to this day. This was orchestrated and managed by the Broederbond and other state apparatuses
The Broederbond, Military, Police and the Security Forces
The National Party that came to power in 1948 was a vehicle of Afrikaner Nationalism, the political expression of the interests and attitudes of a large majority of Afrikaner workers, farmers, businessmen, lower-level civil servants, and Professionals. After the defeat of the Afrikaner Republics in the Anglo-Boer War, at the turn of the century, and their incorporation into the united South Africa, Afrikaners found themselves in the bottom ranks of White society. English-speaking whites, who were generally better educated and trained, and with their ties to British capital, dominated the social and economic structures. The leaders of the National Party embarked on a campaign to weld the Afrikaner volk together and thereby regain political power. Under the guidance of the Broederbond, a secret society of select Afrikaner leaders, ideological cohesiveness to promote the volk through the National Party was provided by linking Afrikaner churches, cultural organizations, and trade unions. A populist tone was adopted, reflecting the subordinate economic and political position of Afrikaner among whites. Local English-speaking capitalists and their allies, foreign investors, were castigated both for exploiting the country for their private gains and for promoting the “Black Peril” – the threat of whites being swamped by Africans. After World War II, the issue of the “black peril” took on greater urgency. The United Party, then in power with General Jan Smuts as prime minister, was seeking a means whereby the African urban population could be incorporated permanently into areas of the country which had been reserved for whites and become a settled labor force. This did not sit well with the Afrikaner public, and they rallied the base for the 1948 vote.
The Broederbond – The Hidden Boer Warlords
After winning power in the “Whites Only” vote for a “whites Only” parliament in 1948, the Nationalists imposed their own solution to the “Black Peril”: the Apartheid system. Africans were allowed into white urban areas only as “temporary sojourners” and could stay only as long as they were useful to the white economy. Whites were assured of African labor would stay in white areas through a rigid system if Influx Control. The Pass Books which were given to Africans and were required to carry them at all times and this was a way of monitoring them and controlling them . The 1950s saw a rising confrontation between two major political forces: African Nationalism an Afrikaner Nationalism. The Nationalist Part with its leaders, some of whom were Nazi sympathizers branded the African opposition from virtually any quarter as communist-inspired reason. On March 21, 1960, a turning point was reached when when the police opened fire on unarmed Africans protesting the hated pass laws and system, and they killed sixty seven and wounded one hundred and eighty-six Africans in the Township of Sharpeville. The African National Congress(ANC) led by Mandela, and the Pan African Congress(PAC) Led by Robert Sobukwe, were outlawed when the Apartheid Regime declared the State of Emergency. The hastily organized underground movements and resistance of the ANC and the PAC were completely crushed by police repression. The Afrikaners, when they were not in power in South Africa, underwent a considerable change, and became more bitter, more exclusive, more aggressive, and they were gradually gaining in strength. They paid attention to an all-round development to extra-parliamentary activities, politics, to their Church Affairs their society and their poor white volk, t o education, sports, culture, trade and industry. The Nationalist forces were were intensely and extensively active on all fronts. This was only a dress rehearsal, as we shall see in the later later years what the Broederbond would conceive and implement, behind the scenes and in secrecy, which lasts to this day.
Afrikaner Broederbond (Association of Brothers)
The Broederbond was formed in 1918 and maintained an open existence until 1924, when it went underground and its affairs became largely a matter of speculation. The work of a small number of well-organized and dedicated cadres brought about a complete transformation in the national scene. The Broederbond was a guiding force in the rebirth of this nationalist spirit, and it was and is till a secretive force and society which gradually and finally assumed a dominant position in the affairs of the volk. This elite and durable organization had its membership staked to be 2,672, of whom 8.6 percent were public servants and 33.3 per cent teachers. In 1952 the Rev. de Vos, who had broken away from the Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk in 1944 and formed a reconstituted Dutch Reformed Church because the N.G. Kerk, he had alleged, was dominated by members of the the Broederbond, and he gave the following breakdown of the Broederbond membership: 357 clergymen, 2,030, 905 farmers, 159 lawyers and 60 Members of parliament. Its modus operandi was to coordinate activities among among the Afrikaners and to ensure that Broeders are placed in key positions which can then be utilized for the advancement of the volk. This same tactic and method of operation will soon be found and seen in the present ANC ruled government and the insertion of key Broederbond members in key government position and spread-out throughout the all the parties in South Africa. L.J. du Plessis, a former member of the Broederbond, in 1948 described the early days of the existence of the Afrikaans Broederbond as follows: “What happened since, I can surmise when hearing of prominent members like Bosman becoming Manager of Volskas(A large and powerful bank); Erasmus, Secretary of the Onderwysers Vereniging(Transvaal Teachers’ Association); Diederichs, Chief Organizer of the Reddingsdaadbond(Rescue-work Society- dedicated with uplifting poor Afrikaners); Albert Herzog, ‘protector’ of the mineworkers; Rev. Nicol, Moderator of the Dutch Reformed Church for three consecutive synods; Klopper, head of the Afrikaanse Taal and Kultuur Vereniging(Association for the Afrikaans Language and Culture); and last but not least, Dr. Verwoerd, the editor-in-Chief of the Transvaler.” All the people mentioned above were members of the Broederbond and were dispersed, entrenched and embedded into the fabric of South african social life and decision-making bodies within these portfolios.(Dan O’Meara) In an article in the Sunday Times of March 8, 1964, Mrs. Janie Malherbe, wife of war-time Director of Military Intelligence and herself a Captain in Military Intelligence during the war, described the forces which had been at work in the Broederbond during the thirties as follows: This terrifying, octopus-like grip on the South African way of life was made possible by reorganizing the Broederbond on the pattern of Hitler’s highly successful Nazi State,complete with Fuehrer, Gauleiters, group and cell leaders, spread in a sinister network over the whole of South Africa. This was initially planned by a high ranking Nationalist and two Stellenbosch students who were sent to Germany, at Nazi expense, to study the Nazi cell system.” The Broederbond was not only far-reaching in its operations, it was setting up for the future which was changing and was able to morph its shenanigans under the cloak of secrecy.
In 1934, the Nazis sent Montmartin was sent to work secretly with the Broederbond leaders to initiate plans that would ensure that South Africa would side with Germany in the world war which hitler was already engineering. Malhebre writes: “The immediate result of his visit was the reorganization of the Nationalist Broederbond on the Nazi system, the main difference being that where Hitler re-invoked the rites of the German pagan Gods to promote his ideologies, the Nationalists’ Broederbond declared that their plan of complete domination of White South Africa, and absolute subjugation of the non-Whites, and was in its implementation within South Africa, ‘God’s-given destiny’ for the Afrikaners. This was a clever ruse, for by its means the powerful Dutch Reformed Churches could be roped in.” In the middle thirties, the Broederbond became more aggressive and they issued a circular in 1934 in which Prof. J.C. van Rooy of Potchefstroom University, and the General Secretary, I.M. Lombard, wrote: “Let us focus on the fact that the primary consideration is: whether Afrikanerdom will reach it ultimate destiny of domination(Baaskap – Masters and Bosses) in South Africa. Brothers, our solution of South Africa’s ailments is not whether one party of another shall obtain the whip hand, but that the Afrikaner-Broederbond shall govern South Africa.” But Hertzog was was well aware of the machinations of the Broederbond behind the scenes, and in a trenchant attack on the organization in a speech printed in the Star of 1935 – he characterized the Broederbond bond as: “A grave menace to the rest and peace of our social community, even where it operates in the economic-cultural sphere. Its members are sworn no to entertain any cooperation with the English-speaking population and thereby they stand in direct racial conflict with our fellow English Afrikaners-speaking section to put their foot on the neck of the English-speaking South Africa.” Hertzog continued his attack of the Broederbond by saying that: “The Broederbond had acquired a dangerous hold over education in the Orange Free State and I know of few towns and villages in the Free State where the Broederbond has not established for itself a nest of five or six, or more Broeders to serve as a focal point for Bond propaganda, and I also know that there is hardly a single nest in which there isn’t at least one teacher sitting as a hatcher.”
Because of the subsequent attacks on Smuts, I.M. Lombard wrote a series of articles for Die Transvaler in 1944 and 1945, by laying down the seven-fold ideal foe which the Broederbond was striving: (1) the removal of everything in conflict with South Africa’s full international independence; (2) the ending of the inferiority of Afrikaans-speaking and of their language in the organization of the State; (3) separation of all non-White races in South Africa, leaving them free to pursue independent development under the guardianship of Whites; (4) putting a stop to the exploitation of the resources and population of South Africa by strangers, including the more intensive industrial development; (5) the rehabilitation of the farming community and the assurance of civilized self-support through work for all White citizens; (6) the nationalization of the money market and the systematic coordination of economic policies; (7) the Afrikanerization of public life and teaching and education in a Christian-National spirit, while leaving free the internal development of all sections in so far as it is not dangerous to the State. This were not merely stated objectives but were actualized realities: Whites had better housing, better jobs, excellent education, upgraded cultural realm and activities; the Afrikaans language was made into the Country’s official language, and heavily imposed on Africans; churches were segregated as well as burial grounds and all spheres of social endeavor; the money was customized to reinforce Afrikanerdom’s riches and Afrikaner social and cultural symbols printed on the money to reflect the dominance and prevalence of Afrikaans culture and life. Lombard declared that: “The Afrikaner Broederbond is born from a deep conviction that the Afrikaner nation has been planted in this country by God’s hand and is destined to remain here as a nation with its own character and its own mission. This polices promulgated by Lombard underlay the policy and actions of the Nationalist party ever since it came to power in 1948. And in 1949, when Malan was pressed by the United Party to investigate the Broederbond which was alleged to be ruling the nation from behind the scenes, he said: “I belong to the Broederbond, and I have attended many of its meetings. All I can say to you is that all the matters which are discussed there are in the interests of the people. No enmity towards other sections of the community has been apparent at any of these meetings I attended. No pressure is brought to bear on the government of the country from the Broederbond. I have always been able to discuss these matters of importance to all aspects of the life of the people and I have come away from these meetings feeling a better man than before.” Then as today, the defenders of the Broederbond never minced words as to the objectives of the Bond, in the same breadth, they declare fairness of their apartheidized ideology and principles, by still holding on to and reiterating their policies of White Supremacy formulated by the Broederbond. This duplicitous doublespeak seemed to have confounded those who study the way apartheid was implemented and applied. The Broeder Bond has long laid down its plans for Total Strategy using all its resources, and in the present day, has fine-tuned that approach to submerge and embed themselves much more secretly and deeply into the South African society, milieu and mosaic, as we shall see later on.
The Origins of Total Strategy
From 1948 to 1970, South Africa experienced the second highest growth rates (behind Japan) in the capitalist world. The widespread introduction of mechanized production techniques in the 1950s and 1960s reinforced the growing social differentiation between small stratum of wealthy farmers on the one hand, and a contingent of marginalized farmers on the other hand. Between 1948 and 1975, Afrikaner control of private industry increased astronomically from industrial output – including that of state corporations. This accrual of wealth benefitted and enhanced Afrikaner businessmen on the British Dominance of mining and manufacturing, and this helped companies like SANLAM, the Rembrandt group, along with Volkskas, became implanted amongst the eight largest conglomerate group that dominated South African Capitalism. Also, the proportion of Afrikaners in the professional strata of the petty bourgeoisie doubled between 1948 and 1975, and the proportion of Afrikaners in white collar occupational categories extended from 28 per cent t 65 per cent of the total. (Gilomee and Adam) In sum, South Africa, has relied upon overseas trade and investment for the well-being of its manufacturing operations and other basic industries. South African business depends upon imported machine tools, plant machinery, electronic equipment, computers, oil and chemicals to maintain regular production lines and to pioneer industrial expansion into new fields. South Africa’s dependence on transnational corporations means that the lack of such support and access to foreign sources could potentially cripple the country.
In 1963, the Verwoerd regime proposed the formation of a ‘common market/commonwealth’ in Southern Africa. This plan envisaged the establishment of a free trade zone as the first step toward greater regional cooperation. He had hoped that these economical linkages would herald the formation of a political union of sorts – a commonwealth described by apartheid ideologues at the time as an ‘association of black and white states’ with South Africa as the ‘centralizing mother country.'(Davis and O’Meara) This commonwealth strategy failed to materialize. In the interim, Pretoria forged tighter links with the colonial settler regimes in the surrounding buffer states. Buoyed by these tangible gains, The Vorster regime launched a political offensive in the late 1960s in direct response to the rapid pace of African decolonization and the increasing international condemnation of Apartheid. This ‘dialogue initiative’, as it was called, scored initial diplomatic triumphs but eventually reached its zenith in the early 1970s(Sam Nolutshungu – see chart in the photo gallery)
Immediately after the collapse of the fascist regime in Portugal in April 1974 which set the stage for political independence for Mozambique(Maputo) and Angola, Vorster immediately countered with a renewed diplomatic/political exercise known as ‘detente’. The objective of this hasty reformulation of regional policy was a rather nebulous vision of a ‘constellation of completely independent states’ on Southern Africa which would form a ‘power bloc’ and ‘present a united front against common enemies. These overtures lost their momentum, however, in the wake of South Africa’s large-scale military invasion of Angola in 1975 and the gathering internal political crisis associated with the 1976/1977 Soweto Revolution.(Deon Geldenhuis and T.D. Venter). After P.W. Botha took office in September 1978, The Total Strategy doctrine became the nucleus of official state policy. Botha unveiled Pretoria’s grand vision of seven to ten states, comprising 40 million people, south of the Kunene and Zambezi rivers, joined together in a ‘constellation of states’. These ambitious schemes included the so-called “Independent Homelands” or “Bantustans- and in not so many words, Apartheid’s Final Solution”. Pretoria reasoned that the consolidation of a formal association between neighboring African States and former Bantustans would imply recognition of Homeland Independence and confer legitimacy on ‘separate development(Apartheid](D. Geldenhuys)
President Kaunda of Zambia observed: “South Africa is to become the king-pin of all of us, and all of us are going to be satellite or puppet states of South Africa(Rand Daily Mail, 1979) Lesotho’s foreign Minister echoed this condemnation: “Through this stratagem South Africa hopes to win support and respectability for her Grand Apartheid, which fragments Southern Africa into weak satellites dominated by a strong white state. The growing public outcry forced South Africa to scale down the dimensions of this scheme(Deon Geldenhuys) The Apartheid government acknowledged that blatantly racialist aspects of Apartheid policies undermined South Africa’s international credibility and hence inhibited the establishment of formalized alliances with the neighboring Independent States. One of their objectives was to lure the reluctant neighboring states, who were in dire straits economically, into a common covenant with Pretoria and eventually demonstrate the superiority of South African Capitalism over the ‘socialist’ alternatives. This stratagem did not succeed
The Total Strategy
The 1980s in South Africa were about reform, repression and resistance. This era was characterized by deep social divisions and racial tensions. The situation was exacerbated by the powerful influences of demographic changes, increasing urbanization, continued industrialization,rising personal incomes, and spreading education affecting all of society, including mass communication, national security and wars with the Frontline States. Another aspect to this social situation was the fact that the South African political system itself was unstable. This was possible because there existed three arenas of power” the State, political society and civil society. The State in South Africa was comprised of several institutions of public power: the executive, administration, judiciary, police, military and intelligence organs. Political society consisted of formal vehicles of competition of competition for state power: parliaments, local councils,parties,fronts, alliances and coalitions. Civil society was comprised of innumerable collectivities in and through which people organized their social life: clubs, sports, associations, recreational networks, churches, cultural organizations, street committees, women’s groups and so forth. the Apartheidizers operated within tis mix with shrewd aggression and determined authoritarian force.
The authoritarian nature and state of the Apartheid government restricted and stifled society’s democratic processes. The very people that the Apartheid regime was disempowering built social movements within their civil societies to express their political demands. The workers strikes in the 1970s, the students 1976/1977 uprisings, staying away fro work and public transportation and the 1984 rent boycotts led to the regime enforcing a state of emergency in the subsequent years, and this exposed and heightened long-term structural contradictions in the economy, cities, rural areas and within the political systems. In turn, these stresses became the foci of the state strategy and ruling class reforms over the next two decades. Within the state, there were important differences of opinion on how to respond to the deepening post-Soweto crisis. The military, under the leadership of the Minister of Defense, P.W. Botha(later became President), was highly critical of the laissez-faire practices of the Vorster regime. The latter was characterized by Empire-building, uncoordinated departmental action, internecine conflicts within the Security establishment, and the absence of an overarching strategic plan. The military’s solution, under General Magnus Malan to these problems, was the formulation of “Total Strategy”, which was presented publicly for the first time in the 1977 Defense White Paper(Leornard)
The Nooks and Crannies of Total Strategy
Total Strategy can be defined as involving the coordination of the military, economic, psychological, political, sociological,diplomatic,cultural and ideological fields of state activities. The Total Strategy was justified by the Apartheid regime that south Africa was under ‘Total Onslaught’, and therefore required a ‘Total Strategy’ capable of combining effective security measures with reformist policies aimed at removing the grievances that revolutionaries could exploit. The military was able to win support for these arguments from the Verligte(Liberal) element in the National Party and sectors of the English and Afrikaans capital. By proposing that defense was more than a military matter, the military also laid claim to their right to have a say in all public-policy decision-making; also winning the mind and hearts of the African majority. Having won the support of business and liberal nationalists, and also isolating the Verkrampte(Conservative) elements in the National Party,the new political alliance(businessmen, politicians, and security) embarked upon a three phase ‘rationalization’ program to reorganize the State.
When Botha became Prime Minister in 1978, the military build-up he had promoted as Defense Minister was already underway. With his political opposition within the National Party on the defense, Botha was in a position to start implementing Total Strategy. He and Magnus Malan, the Minister of Defense under Botha, advocated for defending South Africa from what they termed to be a “Total Onslaught”. Though known to be hot-tempered militarist, Botha established himself as a competent administrator and an experienced political operator. Botha was also viewed as a a hard-liner on racial issues, but as a prime minister he had adopted a rhetoric that was markedly verligte( liberal) in tone, a reflection of the military’s Total Strategy.
A report in the South African press identified a main source of the Total Strategy concept advocated by Botha and Malan, as a slim, little-known book by a French General, Andre Beaufre, titled Introduction a la Strategie. In this book, Beaufre draws from such classic military sources as Von Clauswitz and Mao. B eaufre describes the implications for modern military planners and calls for a “total strategy” coordinated throughout all fields of government policy. The book describes various types of conflicts, including the kind of protracted guerilla war South Africa was facing. In speeches of both the military leaders and government officials paraphrased passages form the book and describing their modern war as “Total”, and they asserted that it was going to be carried-out not only in the military sphere, but in all fields,including the political, economic, diplomatic, cultural and even today as we speak, this are still in application in one form or another.
A very clear statement of the Total Strategy in South Africa appeared in the 1977 Defense White Paper under the heading “National Security” and it states: “We are today involved in a war, whether we wish to accept it or not. It is therefore essential that a Total National Strategy be formulated at the highest level. The defense of the Republic of South Africa is not solely the responsibility of the Department of Defense. On the contrary… [it] is the combined responsibility of all government departments. This can be taken further – it is the responsibility of the entire population, the ‘nation’*(in this case, the ‘nation’* means the white nation only), and every population group. In 1971 South Africa had established the State Security Council to fill a similar function of formulating “Total National Strategy” for National Security. (Department of Defense White Paper, 1977) A more comprehensive definition of “Total Strategy was thus put forth as follows: “… the comprehensive plan to utilize all the means available to a state according to an integrated pattern in order to achieve the national aims within the framework of the specific policies. A Total Strategy is, therefore, not confined to a particular sphere, but is applicable at all levels and to all functions of the state structure.
The section concludes with fourteen aspects of Boer National security that are included in the formulation of a Total strategy:
- Political Action
- Military/paramilitary action
- Economic action
- Psychological action
- Scientific and technological action
- Religious-cultural action
- Manpower services
- Intelligence services
- Security services
- National supplies, resources, and production services
- Transport and distribution services
- financial services
- Community services
- Telecommunications service
While the White Paper in 1977 cited the key role of the State Security in formulating the the Total Strategy, this body lay dormant after its creation. The origins of this body are linked with those of BOSS(Bureau of State Security). When the Apartheid state was combating the new underground and guerilla activities, the failed ANC Wankie wars, from the mid-sixties, as noted above, several national security bodies were established, (a State Security Committee and an Intelligence Coordinating Committee), but these were apparently not considered adequate. Boss was formed in 1968-69 as the coordinating agency for intelligence and security. The state Security Council included the prime minister, the ministers of justice, defense, police, foreign affairs, commissioner, foreign affairs, national national security, The chief of the Defense Force, the police commissioner, the secretaries for foreign affairs and justice, as well as other ministers and members of parliament co-opted on an ad hoc basis. In the Vorster government, the State Security Council was not active and that its functions were performed on an informal basis by vorster and General van den Bergh of BOSS.
BOSS – Bureau Of State Security
“South Africa’s New Gestapo” was the description given by the British journal ‘New Statesman’ when the Bureau of State Security(BOSS) was officially formed in May 1969 by General Hendrik van den Bergh. But it was, in reality, just the old Republican Intelligence network given a new name and legalized by parliament. Boss was allocated a magnificent headquarters called Concilium in Central Pretoria, and all the senior officers and desk men who worked for Republican Intelligence moved in with all their files. The new name BOSS made little difference to the agents in the field because the kept the same code numbers, the same handlers and collected the same information, but they were told that they could spend more because BOSS was allocated 20 million pounds to play with for a whole year.(The South African public was told the figure was less than a quarter of that). For H.J. van den Bergh, however, it meant he was suddenly elevated to being ‘South Africa’s spy-master number one’. He became the overlord of all intelligence networks, including the Army, Navy and Air-Force, and was answerable only to Prime minster John Vorster. Boss was spying,torturing, assassinating, planting bugs and creating havoc amongst its targeted enemies, and van den Bergh was seeking revenge against Winnie Mandela. Most of the charges facing Winnie Mandela and her eighteen friends at that trial got him looking for revenge against Winnie, and those which had been found not guilty in the first trial. All the nineteen were acquitted again and released. The regime immediately put the accused victorious 19 accused people under house arrest. Van den Bergh’s ‘Dirty Tricks Department ‘[Division C3 of the Bureau of State Security(BOSS)] planted a rumor around Johannesburg that Winnie Mandela was actually a BOSS agent. BOSS posited that was the reason why Winnie was acquitted, and this was done in an effort to frighten other blacks away form any connection with Winnie. The Dirty Tricks department made life miserable for Winnie Mandela in many other ways. In the end, van den Bergh won and got Winnie banished into Brandford, thirty miles form Bloemfontein, but she flourished there among the township dwellers.(Gordon Winter)
The establishment of BOSS led to one of the most sustained outcries in South african history, with protest coming from advocates, professors, politicians, churchmen and liberal editors. What these protesters did not know was that there was an ultra-secret Republican Intelligence entity that was operating with impunity against Africans for the past six years before the formation of BOSS. The outcry against BOSS caused Prime Minister John Vorster to appoint a Commission of Inquiry into State Security and Bureau of State Security(BOSS). But this was the great confidence trick perpetrated on the South African public. It was so successful that in later years, vorster used the same trick in an attempt to save his political career when the “Information Scandal” started erupting. The Commission of Inquiry into BOSS was carried out by Mr. Justice H.J. Potgieter. He was chosen by the head of BoSS, General H.J. van den Bergh, and approved by by Prime Minister Vorster. Justice Potgieter completed his report in August 1970 and tabled in the House of Assembly 18 months later in February 1972. One of the main recommendations he made was: “to preclude any possibility of abuse and to secure public goodwill and confidence, it should be made clear beyond all doubt that the Bureau’s activities will at all times be restricted to matters that have an actual connection with the Security of the State.” The report went onto say that it should equally be made clear that BOSS should never interfere in the private conduct of person’s, their business activities or their political views ‘except insofar as these are of a subversive nature’. The machinations of BOSS subsequently proved, without a shadow of doubt, that Mr. Justice Potgieter’s recommendations were not worth the paper he typed them on. In August 1978 BOSS officially ceased to exist. The name ‘Bureau of State Security ‘[BOSS] was changed to the “Department on National Security” (DONS). This was simply a cleansing tactic to get rid of the hated nickname, BOSS, which had become synonymous with skulduggery all over the world. The South African Apartheidizers had a way of changing names that damaged their reputation. for example, when the word Apartheid became disgraced all over the civilized world as meaning “Apart Hate”, they started using the phrase “Separate Development”. When this in turn became despised, they changed it to “Multi-national Development”. When overseas newspapers refused to fall for that phrase, Pretoria started talking about “Plural Development”, which was probably most cunning. Mr. P.W. Botha, who became the Prime Minister, came up with another one. In August 1979 he said that South Africa was a “multi-national” society and that the principle of of “vertical differentiation” between the racial groups was accepted. For White voters, at that time, in their language it was translated into the “standing differences”. Meaning: “We Whites will remain upright and the Africans will be be kept down”.(Gordon Winter) With all the name changing by the regime to justify Apartheid rule and society, they failed dismally.
Botha’s Total Strategy: Featuring National Joint Planning Center
But with P.W. Botha in office, the Council was activated to play a central role in formulating Total Strategy, under the guidance of the Department of the Prime Minister. The process was described in the 1979 Defense White Paper as follows: “At the national level the Cabinet is assisted by the State Security Council (SSC) and its executive agencies to fulfill duties concerning the national security of the Republic of South Africa. The department of the Prime Minister was responsible for management at this level by issuing guidelines, Total National Strategy directives, and Total National Strategies concerning National Security. The national strategic planning process was conducted by the State Security Council with its Work Committee and Secretariat and fifteen interdepartmental committees of the State Security Council while coordination of the executive function is carried out by a National Joint Planning Center. It is important to note that the Total Strategy being promoted so vigorously is a concept which calls for a bureaucratic structure as a mechanism for the effective coordination of policies that entrenched Apartheid more.
Botha gave the military greater powers and a much more prominent role within this bureaucratic structure The South African Defense Fore was now taking part in a wide range of interdepartmental meetings regardless of topic. Some senior commerce officials saw it as a waste of time teaching military Generals the intricacies of exchange control regulations. Military Intelligence, under General Malan was tasked with the investigating the impact of Apartheid laws in District Six, an area where African residents were removed so that it could be turned into a whites-only area. In 1980 the Defense Force document came to light detailing a plan to offset opposition criticism in parliament of the defense budget on such issues as unequal burden borne by the infantry in the Namibia war, conscientious objection, unlawful hunting of game by soldiers, pay problems, and difficulties of recruiting Africans for the Defense force because of pay advantages given to whites. They also met with the officials of the South African Broadcasting Corporations to stress the need for more “saber-rattling” films for television. (Guardian, UK, 1980) Tis was done in order to pacify the south African community.
In 1979 Botha showed interest of forging ties to the business sector by bringing his entire cabinet to a meeting with with three hundred business and industrial leaders. In his speech he stressed the government’s belief in ‘free enterprise’ and promised to relax state controls. Although when speaking about the “Bantustans”, following in the steps of John Vorster’s ‘Detente”, he stressed the importance of business in his plan to turn the region into an bulwark against “communist expansion’. Botha’s business ties was founded in the military’s close ties to private industry through Armscor arms manufacturing and procurement system. In 1979 Afrikaner businessman, John Maree, was seconded from the giant conglomerate Barlow Rand to become Armscor’s chief executive. In addition, directors of top companies were appointed to the new Presidential Council and to the Public Service Commission, which and been controlled by the Civil Service. Botha expanded the ties by appointing thirteen top business leaders, and these were: A.M. Rosholt, chairman of Barlow-Rand, a manufacturing conglomerate ; Basil Nersov, chairman of Anglo-Vaal, operating in mining and industry; Willem J, de Villiers, chairman of General Mining and finance; Frans Cronje, chairman of South African Breweries and Nedsual(in finance) and eighteen other companies; Gavin Reilly, deputy chairman of Anglo American Corporation; Richard John Goss, executive director of South African breweries; Chris Saunders, chairman of Tongaat Sugar, a conglomerate, and Huletts Corporation; Ian Mackenzie, chairman of Standard Bank, and six other companies; Richard Laurie. president of the Johannesburg Stock Exchange and Protea Holdings; Johannes G. van der Horst, chairman of Old Mutual(Insurance); Frederick J. du Plessis, chairman of Trust Bank and managing director of Sanlam(insurance); Johannes A. Hunter, chairman of Volskas Bank; Jacob Wilken, president of the South African Agricultural Union. Big Business was co-opted and in cahoots with the Apartheid regime.
Apartheid’s True Confessions – The Guts of Total Strategy
The new Afrikaner elite represented by the Botha government – military and business leaders – has attempted to provide, through the Total strategy, a solution enforced by military power to the political crisis generated by African resistance to Apartheid and the country’s related economic problems, and to stave-off or win the war against Front Line States. The new, powerful position of President was proposed as a part of the new constitutional structure represents the culmination of this effort to reorient South Africa’s White politics. The increasing strength of the ‘far right’, as reflected in the formation of a Conservative Party under Andries Treurnicht indicated the difficulty for Botha and his Total Strategy in attracting substantial support from the traditional Nationalist constituencies: White workers and the middle class, farmers, civil servants, and the lower echelons of the military, professionals, teachers, lawyers – who by the way were under the ‘octopus grip’ of the racist Broederbond and its secretive cabal. Thus, even though the goal of Total strategy has been to restructure apartheid to safeguard white domination, with the heavy infighting between Botha’s nationalists on the right and the Conservatives and their allies on the ‘far right’, In their White enclaves and gatherings, botha was caught off-guard trying to woo and appease the right and the far right by delivering this grist of the mill hateful and obsequious soliloquy, and it endeared him to the volk by ranting as follows: (This is a speech by South african President P.W. Botha. It is printed here from a South african newspaper, the Sunday Times of August 18, 1985 under the by-line of David G. Mailu…)
Botha – Why We hate Blacks
“My beloved White Afrikaners, greetings to all of you brothers and sisters in the name of our holy blood. On behalf of our precious country and myself, Botha, the President of the Republic of South Africa. I take this opportunity to thank and congratulate you heartily for your courage and determination in giving me your strong had to keep the Afrikaner flag flying high. We are going through trying times, and I have chosen to write to you to assure you of my dedication and solidarity with you through fire and brimstone. We live among greedy savages who are after our blood, who hate us and want to take from us what we have acquired. But do not forget we are hated because we are a gifted and united people. Long live the White Afrikaner Flag! Long live Afrikanerdom!
Do not see me as a mere Botha by name, but the very living spirit and promise of our White brothers and sisters. Verily, verily I say unto you, this is our God-given land for which we should fight to the very last drop of blood. We cannot simply stand and watch all the laurels we have created created being plundered by these barbaric and lazy Kaffirs(Niggers ). Pretoria has been made made by the White mind for the white man. We are not obliged even at the least to try and prove anybody and to the Blacks that we are a superior people. We have demonstrated that to the Blacks in a thousand and one ways. The Republic of south Africa that we know know of today has not been created by wishful thinking. We have created it at the expense of intelligence, sweat and blood.
The blood of our forefathers was poured on this very land of our salvation. We have therefore, a great responsibility to safeguard our treasure, our history and pride. He cannot be wrong who fights for his own survival and rights. Beloved citizens, you are aware of the kind of nonsense being spread all over the world about us. We have been labeled everything bad; but this is not because we are worse than anybody else. Come to think of it, my honorable citizens: The racism they talk about didn’t begin with White Afrikaner. It has always been a fact of this life.
Were they the Afrikaners who tried to eliminate the Australian Aborigines? Are they the Afrikaners who discriminate against the blacks and call them ‘Niggers’ in the United States? England discriminates against its Blacks and the “Sus”law is out to discipline Black. Canada, France, Russia, Japan all play their discrimination too. Why in the hell then is so much noise made about us? Why are the biased against us? Has the world forgotten what the Russians have been doing to the Jews? What did the Hitler regime do the Jews? Does anyone need to be told what the Whites did to the Red Indians? Don’t we know what the Israelis are doing to the Palestinians and the Lebanese? Or what the English are doing to the Irish?
I am simply trying to prove to you all that there is nothing unusual we are doing that the so-called civilized worlds are not doing. We are simply an honest people who have come out aloud with a clear philosophy of how we want to live our own White life. We do not pretend like the other Whites that we like Blacks. T he fact that Blacks look like human beings and act like human beings does not necessarily make them sensible human beings. Hedgehogs are not porcupines and lizards are not crocodiles simply because they look alike. If God wants us to be equal to the Blacks, he would have created us all in a uniform color an intellect. But he created us differently, Whites, Blacks, Yellow; rulers and the ruled. Intellectually, we are superior to the Blacks; that has been proven beyond any reasonable doubt over the years. I believe that the Afrikaner is an honest, God-fearing person, who has demonstrated practically the right way of being. He does not engage in hypocrisy of all these others who love sounding substantive amount of political hot-air, or to make the world believe that they are better-off. We give Blacks employment and a thousand and one other amenities.
Nevertheless, it is comforting to know that behind the scenes, Europe, America, Canada, Australia and others are behind us in spite of what they say. for diplomatic relations, we all know what language should be used and where. To prove my point Comrades, does anyone of you know of a white country without an investment or interest in South Africa? Who buys our gold? Who buys our diamonds? Who is helping us develop the nuclear weapon? The very truth is that we are their people and they are our people. It’s a big secret. The very strength of our economy is backed by America, Britain, Germany, and I have on my list a number of Black countries – no kidding. Comrade Afrikaners, survival of the fittest didn’t begin with us. It is not the desire of the chicken that it should be eaten by the Hawk. It is nature’s design that the Hawk should eat the chicken; but aren’t they both birds? It is nature’s design that the small fish should be eaten by the big fish. It is our strong conviction, therefore, that the Black is the raw materials for the White man. So, bothers and sisters, let us join hands together to fight against this Black Devil. I appeal to all Afrikaners to come out with any creative means of fighting this war.
Surely God cannot forsake his own people who we are. By now, everyone of us has seen practically that the Blacks cannot rule themselves. Give them guns, and they will kill each other. They are good in nothing else but making noise, dancing, marrying many wives and indulging in sex. You have just to look around and take stock of what their independent countries have achieved. Don’t we know what is happening in Ghana, Mozambique, Sudan, Nigeria, Uganda, Egypt, to name but a few. Nothing else but chaos, bloodshed, corruption and starvation such as in Ethiopia. Let us all accept that the Black man is the symbol of poverty, mental inferiority, laziness and emotional incompetence. Isn’t it plausible therefore that the White man is created to rule the Black man.
Come to think of what would happen one day if you woke up and on the throne sat a Kaffir!(Nigger!) Can you imagine what would happen to our women? Does anyone of you believe that the Blacks can rule this country? Hence, we have good reason to let them all – the Mandelas rot in prison, and I think we would be commended for having kept them alive in spite of what we have in hand with which to finish them off. I wish to announce a number of new strategies,(Total Strategy? ), that should should be put to use to destroy this Black bug. We should now make use of the ‘chemical weapon‘(AIDS?).
Priority number one, we should not, by all means allow any more increase of the Black population lest we be choked very soon(See Aids Maps and pictures in the photo gallery) I have exciting news that our scientists have come up with an efficient stuff(Dr. Wouter Basson?) I am sending out more more researchers to the field to the field to identify as many avenues as possible where the chemical weapons could be employed to combat any further population increases. The hospital is a very strategic opening, for example, and should be fully utilized. The food supply channel should be used. We have developed excellent slow killing poisons and fertility destroyers. Our only fear is that is in case such stuff come into their hands as they are bound to start using it against us, if you care to think of the many blacks working for us in our domestic quarters. However, we are doing the best we can to make sure that the stuff remain strictly in our hands.
Secondly, most Blacks are vulnerable to money and inducements. I have set aside a special fund to exploit this avenue. The old trick of divide and rule is still very valid today. Our experts should work day and night to set the Black man against his fellowman. His inferior sense of morals can be exploited beautifully. And here is a creature that lacks foresight. There is no need for us to combat him in long term projections that he cannot suspect. The average Black does not plan his life beyond a year; that stance, for example, should be exploited. My special department is already working around the clock to come out with a long term operation blueprint.
I am also sending a special request to all Afrikaner mothers to double their birth rate(This sounds like the Mein Kampf!) It may be necessary too to set-up a population boom industry by putting up centers where we employ and support fully White young men and women to produce children for the [white] nation. We are also investigating the merit of uterus rentals as a possible means of speeding up the growth of our population through surrogate mothers. For the time being, we should also engage higher gear to make sure that Black men are separated from their women and fine imposed be imposed upon married wives who bear illegitimate children. I have a committee working on finding better methods of inciting Blacks against each other and encouraging murder among themselves. Murder cases among Blacks should bear very little punishment in order to encourage them. My scientists have come up with a drug that could be be smuggled into their brews to affect slow poisoning results and fertility destruction. Working through drinks and manufacturing of soft drinks geared to the Blacks could promote the channels of reducing their population.
Our combat unit is now training special White girls in the use of slow-poisoning drugs. Ours is not a war that we can use the atomic bomb to destroy Blacks, so we must use our intelligence to affect this, The person-to-person encounter can be very effective. As the records show that the Black man is dying to go to bed with the White woman, here is a unique opportunity. Our Sex Mercenary Squad should go out and camouflage with the Apartheid Fighters while doing their operations quietly, administering slow-killing poison and fertility destroyers to those Blacks they thus befriend. We are modifying the Sex Mercenary Squad by introducing White men who should go for the militant Black woman an any other vulnerable Black woman. We have received a new supply of prostitutes from Europe and America who are desperate and too keen to take up the appointments. Money can do anything for you. So, while we have it, we should make the best use of it.(The Boer’s “Final Solution and Final Onslaught?)
In the meantime, my beloved White citizens, do not take to heart what the world says, I and don’t be ashamed of being called racists and King of Apartheid. I shall not become a monkey simply because someone called me a monkey. I will still remain your bright star, His Excellency Botha. My last appeal is that the maternity hospital operations should be intensified. We are not paying those people to help bring Black babies to this world,but to eliminate them on the very delivery moment.(Since the 1970s, all women bearing children for the first time were forced to do so through a cesarean operation, limiting child birth to three kids – my addition.) If this department worked very efficiently, a great deal could be achieved. My government has set aside a special fund for erecting covert hospitals and clinics to promote this program.
Our operation for the elimination of loud-mouthed thugs who regard themselves as nationalists in and outside South Africa has not been doing its best. We are capable of performing better than that. Finally, I wish to remind you again that ours is a holy war. God does not want us to perish, he wants us to liv in the very land he specially chose and gave to our forefathers whom he brought from Europe. Let us fight for it and spread the gospel and civilization that he wanted us to spread. Therefore, don’t be shaken by even the economic utterances the world is sounding against us. We are a very wealthy nation(See the chart of South africa as a regional superpower- my addition), the strongest in Africa and we are capable of containing any form of threat from anywhere in the world. We are strong as we would like to be. In Fraternity(Broederbond Fraternity?) of the White Blood, I am your guiding star, HIS EXCELLENCY BOTHA!”
The More Things Change, The More They Stay The Same
From the 1960s up to the 1980s, apartheid architects work assiduously to hone and fine tune their repressive apparatus. The made sure that the conditions that they had created since their coming to power worsened and empowered the white society in all spheres of South African lives. What Botha trumpeted as the “Total Strategy” mantra, was in effect their applying of their “FInal Solution”, akin to that of Hitler’s Germany in the face of their facing revolt by their African subjects. It is important to note that Africans in South Africa were living in abject poverty, a health system in disarray, poisoned through their food and drink, exposed to all types of sexual diseases, suffering from leprosy, TB, Cholera, Alcoholism, poor and shabby housing, inferior education, toxic environment, high child immortality rate, teenage pregnancy, illegitimate children, rising divorce rate, high rate of incarceration, intimidation from the local police, torture, low wages, low and slave-like labor, and in many cases, abused as mine laborers, assassination, as in the case of Steven Biko and many that were assassinated in John vorster Square Prison, Vlakplaas, subjected to attack by Death squads and murder by BOSS, then DONS, military attacks and general abuse from the White public.
According to HIVPLUSMAG.com: “AIDS deaths are a driving factor behind a slowing of South Africa’s population growth rate for the second year in a row, according to Statistics South Africa(SSA)> Over a one-year period ending June 2009, the population rose 1.07% compared with 1.1% during the previous 12 months. In 2001-2002, he growth rate was 1.38%, a report by the Pretoria(Tshwane)-based statistics agency said: “AIDS will likely kill 263,900 South Africans in 2009, accounting for 43% of all estimated deaths, the report said. Nearly 11% of the country’s population. or 5.2 million people, are infected with HIV, including one in five women ages 15-49. SSA said there is evidence that antiretroviral drugs have increased life expectancy for people with HIV and reduced the number of infant deaths. for males, life expectancy is estimated to have increased to 53.5 years in 2009 up from 53.3 years in 2008, after declining every year from 2001 to 2004. Infant mortality fell to 46 per 1000 live births in 2009, compared with 46.4 last year, the report found. This increase in life expectancy at birth is expected to continue and about 800,000 HIV-infected people over the age of 15 and another 70,000 children are expected to receive antiretroviral therapy this year.” It surely looks like Botha’s plan of stopping population-growth by using prostitutes and other chemical and drugs has gotten some serious traction.)
The authors of this study mentioned above about AIDS as decreasing population growth in South Africa, undertook the current study to understand the stabilization in HIV prevalence in South Africa, and to learn why – despite behavior change and apparently moderate risk behaviors – HIV prevalence has not further declined. They compared HIV prevalence and four HIV-related sexual behaviors amongst African South Africans and Ugandans(Ages 15-24) before and during HIV prevalence, stabilization, and decrease, respectively. According to the authors, south Africans have shown behavior change and moderated risk behavior, according to their standard indicators. HIV prevalence of the South African youth, however, was more than twice that of the Ugandan youth, despite double the condom use and an increase in secondary abstinence among the young females.
HIVPLUSMAG.com authors stated: “We observed inconsistent use of condoms and an extended age distribution of risk, together with age and partner mixing. These increase the cumulative risk beyond indicators, which are based on sexual behavior in the last year and condom use at last sexual act. In addition, the extended age distribution risk, together with age and partner mixing, increase the cumulative risk beyond standard indicators, which are based on sexual behavior in the last year and condom use at last sexual act. Comprehensive HIV prevention in South Africa needs to be intensified beyond individual groups, for example youth should be encouraged to clearly promote consistent condom use and reduction in sexual partners; also, they should should focus on the transmission dynamics, including older age groups. This should be based on careful behavioral analysis of the epidemic, which goes beyond standard indicators. Our study shows the signifiant risks beyond apparently improving behavioral indicators in Southern Africa, and helps explain the seriousness of the Epidemic in tis region.”
According to UNICEF’s South African representative, South Africa is in danger of losing the battle against HIV/AIDS, and that the infection and death rates in the country are outpacing treatment. This is having a devastating effect on children whose parents die of AIDS and sent out a dire message for the future. If the present trends continued, there could be five million orphans in South Africa by 2015. South Africa is one of just nine countries worldwide where infant mortality is rising- from 60 deaths per 1000 births in 1990, to 95 deaths today. The main reason is HIV/AIDS. The average infection rate is 30% of the population – in some regions it is closer to 50%.” According to the CIA World Fact Book, “South Africa’s population has been shrinking for some time. The birth rate of 17.94 births per 1000 people and a death rate of 22.45 births per 1000. Most of the AIDS in South Africa is spread via heterosexual sex. The population of South Africa will shrink for some years before the effect of AIDS is reduced.”
There is a direct correlation and truth to what Botha said about reducing the African population using chemicals and “Sex Mercenaries” to slowly poison and kill-off both African men and women through use of both ‘White Male and female prostitutes”, because, according to Botha, “The Black man has been dying to go to bed with a white woman” and “that he was now going to announce a new strategy, and that we should now use chemical weapons”. This was planted not only in the African peoples “beer but also in their soft drinks”, and cigarettes, too. Botha also indicated that the Food supply should be poisoned; hospitals should not be used to bring black babies to life; fertility destroyers and, as I have mentioned in the hub, use cesarean operations to limit the number of babies an African woman will have a retarding effect on the number of birth. Yes, AIDS is the number one killer and population reducer in South Africa; also, we should look at these other aspects mentioned that are in combination with the HIV/AIDS pandemic that are reducing the population of South Africa. One other killer is Sugar Diabetes and High Blood Pressure both caused by lack of healthy food and stress amongst the African population.
One of the most important facts not really mentioned in the report above is the issue of alcoholism, or the access youth has to liquor. There are all sorts of activities in the African community that contribute to liquor, licentious behavior, and community ‘get-togethers’ like the After Tears funeral Events”, Stokvels, Shebeens or Taverns, wherein consumption of liquor is tremendous,and those make up for lewd and obscene behavior; that, if we are talking about sexual acts and the inconsistent use of condom, in all population groups, we should then also look at the behavior of people who are inebriated and the sexual acts following their unprotected sex in a drunken stupor. In the early sixties, liquor was hard to come by for Africans. But when Verwoerd was in power, they implemented a strategy that said there should be a liquor store next to all train stations in the African Townships, and they even built beer halls that sold what was called “”Bantu Beer”(See pictures in the picture Gallery). The conditions of poverty, over-crowdedness, lack of police control and the prevalence of police corruption, breakdown of family mores and structure, general social anomie and a huge “Apartheid Hangover” which has been contributing to what Frantz Fanon called “Colonial Mental Disorders”, high incidences of rape, crime and anarchy, all render different effects and affects on the African population.
Today, we hear from the apologists of Apartheid that they are under the ‘tyranny of the majority’, and they are slaves under the ANC led government. They point out to the mismanagement of government and other issues related to the corruption of the ANC. They created a victim out of the Apartheidized African masses,and then turn around and blame them for the shortcomings which they set them up for. They have worked hard to make sure that Africans failed should they come to power, and like Botha, Vorster and Verwoerd, pointed out to the failure of African independent state, and now, on cue, they are blaming the Africans they set up to fail and try to hoodwink the world that Africans cannot rule and are incompetent. They made sure that the education afforded to the Africans was designed to make them fail. One can look at the Matriculant results as a case in point. During the Apartheid era, Africans were failing in larger numbers because of the way Bantu Education had been set up, i.e., to make Africans fail and to make sure that only a few went to University. They staffed the Bantu Education Department with Whites at the top and Africans in secondary position; they impoverished their educational content so that it served their (apartheidizers) Baaskap position and mentality. They underdeveloped the African peoples health facilities, made children suffer from malnutrition, chased the African Nationalists into exile, and made sure nothing that was for Africans was right or normal. Today, sixteen years into ANC rule, they clog the web with complains that Boer farmers are being murdered, insufficient and faltering social services, and the leaders of the ANC they have blackmailed and are in cahoots with, as incompetent, ruining the country, and that the country is generally worse-off than it was when they were ruling. Some of the truth rings in their presentations, but in the same breadth as saying all that they are still ‘Blaming the the victim of apartheid abuse and crime upon their humanity’ game which they created.
They made sure that the TRC(Truth and Reconciliation Commission) did not present the truth to the victim of Apartheid and the whole South African society. All those who were accused of the atrocities were either not called nor gave up valuable information, and they were not persecuted, but given amnesty. Those in the upper echelons of of Apartheid rule were never questioned and did not answer any questions, nor make any appearance to the TRC; those lower ranking monsters of the Apartheid regime were retired with fat bonuses and life-time retirement packages,or were incorporated into the ANC government and held on to their position and pensions. Some of the Broederbond members morphed into the new positions within the ANC government and are till operating as Broeders and are crippling the policies of the new government. Some have left the country and are working hard in propagandizing the ineptitude of the ANC government in foreign lands mostly using the World Wide Web. Inside the country they have retreated into the “Laager” and South africa is more divided racially now than it was during Apartheid. The control the economy of the country, and are pitying foreigners(mostly Africans) against the local Africans and they call it Xenophobia. They employ the Africans from the north for far less than local Africans, and the local workers are unemployed in larger number. They pay the newly arriving Africans less than the locals, and do not employ the local Africans in the same numbers that they do foreigners.
From the historical background above, that of the Broederbond, to Verwoerd, Vorster, Botha and de Klerk along with the racist White Afrikaner public, they find no reason to respect the humanity of Africans in South Africa. Some White people still believe that African is a “Dark Continent”, using the term “Black” as a pun, meaning backward Africa and its inhabitants skin color in the same breadth and meaning. Now that Africans rule, they are doing their level best to tear down the democracy as a “tyranny of the majority” and are pining for the authoritative rule they have enjoyed for over four centuries in South Africa. The supposedly “Rainbow Nation” that is the country’s society, is nothing either than a ploy to duck world criticism of their ‘actual” belief and racist actions: the belief that Africans are savages and incompetent to rule the country. The apartheid regime attempted to wipe out their horrible historical memory of abuse and want to tell the world that what took place in South Africa since 1948 to African never happened. Some go to theextent to try and show how inept the present government is, and the inequalities that are now taking place on the White minority, which are being savaged by the backward Africans in the Darkest corners of Africa. They have tried to spin history that “God gave them the country” of South African by taking them out of Europe to civilize the ignorant and backward Africans, and “to give the Black Bug” some sense and responsibilities which they lacked. The story and history of South Africa has not yet been fully told by the Africans themselves. To date, Africans are still failing educationally, socially, health-wise, economically, and whatever tourism or politics or civilization pertaining to South Africa is still moderated and regurgitated by White people. As for Apartheid and its follies, according to White people, that did not happen, and they hope their erasure of their horrible deeds will never be discovered, known nor related in full. Having said all that, we now turn to the steps taken by the ANC to try and change Total strategy and come up with rehashed ideas of their former masters to make sure that the Rainbow society is a present day reality.
Total Strategy Part Deux:
A casual perusal of the writer of the Introduction to the book “From Defense to Development” by Jacklyn Cock and Penny McKenzie, both made a study in the scaled down Defense of South Africa and at the same time the Underdevelopment of development of South Africa’s new policies and African repression redux. It is very perplexing to see how the policies of the Botha regime have been rehashed and presented as Defense scaled down and Development of the new Rainbow nation, and at the same time the amount spent on defense increased, where there was no need to. The two authors note thus: “The successful transition to peace and democracy in South Africa, as elsewhere, depends on a process of demilitarization that involves shifting power and resources away from armed formations and military elites. Dwight Eisenhower said: “Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired, represents, in the final analysis, a theft from those that hunger and are not fed, are cold, and not clothed.” It is also disconcerting to note that the very spooks who ran the Total Strategy stratagem.,s are in the emply of the present ANC government. For example, Norman Chandler notes: “National Intelligence Agency Offers to protect Dr. Wouter Basson”, the Star, February 6, 1997. ‘The National Intelligence Agency (NIA) is the new name of former National Intelligence Service(NIS consisting of members of the secret service, the ANC’s former Department of Intelligence and Security(DIS) and still employed-employed members of the old guard. The 1996 White Paper is a misnomer and a Farce and a big ploy and con, and this portends a bad omen and news, also hopes for Africans in South Africa. There is nothing new about the New “Defense and Development” as encapsulated in the 1996 White Paper under the new government of the ANC. If one were to really study and understand the original 1977 Defense White Paper and the 1996 “From “Defense to Development” as stated in the new government’s White paper, one gets a sinking feeling that the more things change, the more they stay the same and worse.
According to Cock and McKenzie: “The provision in the Constitution for the deployment of the South African National Defense Force(SANDF) for service in support of any department of state for the purposes of socio-economic upliftment is problematic. The task of socio-economic upliftment belongs to other state agencies in co-operation with civilian society. Deploying soldiers in this role is reminiscent of the “Winning hearts and minds” programs of the Total strategy doctrine of the Apartheid army, the South African Defense Force(SADF).” As the increasing deployment of SANDF in supporting the police in essentially political tasks, internal deployment peaked up to 20,500 during 1994 elections. Gavin Cawthra points out that: “This was a far more extensive operation than at any time during the [Apartheid] State of Emergency and that the SANDF claims that more troops were deployed internally at this stage than during the [Boer]/Angolan war.
The process of demilitarization initiated in South Africa is complex and has some contradictory consequences. The proliferation of small arms is ultimately the the outcome of incomplete disarmament and demobilization in post-Apartheid conflict and peace building. This has increased the supply of guns and maverick banditry throughout the region and represents a form of privatized militarization. In addition, the ideology of militarism, which views violence restructuring state institutions and recast social relations in a much broader project of social transformation(Cock/McKenzie) The ANC did not have much clout and much to say in the rearranging of the SADF into the SANDF.
In a sobering assessment, Feaver in 1996 pointed out that: “Other direct threats are poverty and the proliferation of light weapons, which is linked to increasing to increasing rate of violent crime. the World Bank has established that half of South Africa’s population lives in poverty. In this study, poverty is defined as an income of R301($40) or less per adult a month. The study found that the bottom 20 per cent lived on an income of R118($17) or less per adult per month. These figures are cold and lifeless indicators of human misery, hunger, diseases and homelessness. At the same time, south Africa has one of the most unequal distributions of incomes in the world. The current defense budget clearly absorbs resources which could be invested in infrastructure such as housing, clinics, jobs, and schools. civil society needs to be empowered to question why the state is spending R875 million ($125 million) on 12 Rooivlak attack helicopters. the Rooivlak project soaked R1.17($200+ million billion) in research and development money and has failed to create more than a hundred jobs. While much attention has been given to the relation between the military and political power in South Africa, it is less obvious , but as sinister, is the ability of the military to destroy society by draining it of resources.(Feaver) Right now the are many social problems, mental health problems and so forth that bedevil Africans, and yet there ins no money to solve them, bt money for arms that are not needed.
Another direct threat to security is the rising level of violent crime related to the proliferation of light weapons. Light weapons are a development issue: land-mines impede post colonial social and economic recovery, and the availability of small arms exacerbates political violence and social instability, and has direct effects on economic development. Post-Apartheid South Africa is undergoing ‘domestic arms race’ in which sub-state groups(principally, organized crime and private citizens) have acquired arms and are contributing to the militarization of society. Firearm killing killings are the fastest-growing form of violence in South Africa; every day, 19 or more people are murdered with a firearm. The main cause is the proliferation of light weapons, the armed conflict that is taking place in the region, ineffective demobilization, and the confusion as to who is to partake in the quelling and squelching of this lower intensity warfare – the police or the army.(Cock/Mckenzie)
Changing Unchanged Total Strategy
According to Adam Smith, “the process of demilitarization was far from complete by May 1994, when the ANC-led Government of National Unity(GNU) was inaugurated The new government adopted a development orientated program ting the need for economic growth and distribution, the extension and consolidation of democracy, and the improvement of social conditions. These priorities were incorporated into the Reconstruction and Development Program(RDP). However, even within the ANC and its alliance partners, there was disagreement over the extent of the priorities as to whether to fund the new priorities with defense cuts. they also disputed the relationship between defense spending, the defense industry and economic growth. At the heart of the debate was a different concept of security. These disagreements were sharpened when it came to defining the defense budgets. The 1994/5, 1195/6 and 1997/8 budget resulted in cuts in military spending. (although the 1994/5 showed a slight increase due to the short-term cost of integrating the various armed formations, with integration costs excluded, there was a 13 per cent cut.) In the 1997/8 budget, defense was allocated R9,579 Billion($2.1 billion) – about 5.2 per cent of government expenditure and 1.5 per cent of GDP. The White Paper on Defense was was adopted by parliament in May 1996, and the subsequent Defense Review, were the result of a wide-ranging and open consultative process. To some extent, policy was still made in ‘smoke-filled’ rooms, but was praised as being transparent and compared favorably with that of advanced countries.” At this juncture, military re-armament of the SANDF is not necessary as is the social engineering and financial backing that is needed by African people.
This holistic approach to security is becoming commonplace; it pervades the ANC’s security policies. In apartheid South Africa, between 1977 and 1989 (roughly the period of P.W. Botha’s presidency) a multi-faceted security strategy was implemented, involving economic, social and political dimensions as well as military prowess. However, this Total strategy proved extraordinarily reductionist in its concept of a communist total onslaught into which it categorized virtually all significant position to apartheid. As the crisis deepened in the 1980s, Total strategy fell back onto military and police repression, and counter insurgency doctrine. The ANC, in its policy documents has argued for a multi-faceted or holistic approach to security. They based this on the democratization of all aspects of life: security should not be restricted to the military, police and intelligence matters, but … political, economic, social and environmental dimensions …. Underdevelopment, poverty, lack of democratic participation and abuse of human rights rights were regarded as grave threats to the security of people(ANC, 1992: Section Q2). This approach is implicit in the RDP. Peace and security from one of the six principle of the RDP as originally formulated by the ANC. An integrated program, based on the people, that provides peace and security for all and builds the nation. links reconstruction and development and deepens democracy – thee are the six basic principles of the RDP (ANC 1994: Selections 1.3.4, 1.3.8). Given the absence of an external threat, South Africa’s security will et primarily on meeting the needs of the population. Much will depend on an informed and transparent assessment of options and the consolidation of democratic processes. Also, this approach of the ANC is reductionist too since it pours too much money for defense and less for social development.
The Problems Of The Integration In Forming The SANDF
In south Africa, the integration process was determined by the Joint Military coordinating Committee of h the Sub-council on Defense of the Transitional Executive Council(TEC).It was intended that the integration process would be completed by the end of 1994, because of difficulties were extended to over three years. The integration included the South African Defense Force(SADF), the Armies of the so-called Apartheid created Homelands/Bantustans and Mkhonto We Sizwe. Th Pan African Congress did not attend, but its military wing and combatants from APLA were later included by a cabinet decision and an amendment to the Interim Constitution(Annexure D amendment to section 224(2). Also, about 200 Inkatha Freedom Party(IFP), primarily from the IFP’s Self Protection Units(SPUs) entered the South African National Defense Force.
Many of the decisions on integration taken at the TEC were not discussed with rank and file soldiers in the liberation armies, and many disagreed with the compromises and decisions of the Sub-council on Defense. Integration was bit lopsided, and one-sided because only MK and APLA had to go before the panel and answer questions and undergo tests before they could be accepted for integration and given status.. those from the SADF remained as they were. “It looked more like MK and APLA were joining the SADF and not forces being integrated as such … I personally felt it was not a very fair exercise”(Interview with MK veteran, 1996, by J. Cock).
There was a reluctance on the part of some informants to place these concerns on record, perhaps for fear of being seen as biased against the integration process o the liberation process or the liberation armies. (BICC, 1996) There are, of course, a range of reasons why the expected number of ex-combatants did not report for integration. The problems which beset the integration process could have been a disincentive for many to join the SANDF. Others had already found employment and some man not have been interested in a military career. (J. Celliers, 1995) Ex-combatants complained about the slowness of the process, administrative difficulties, the language medium for instruction, the lack of respect for cultural differences, and the placement of people in ranks which were deemed lower than deserved: “Whatever years of experience you had didn’t matter. I was senior to people who joined MK in the 1960s. I joined MK in 1983, yet I was senior to people who fought in Wankie because I was better qualified and I can articulate myself in English. Can you believe it, people who are non-commissioned officers have to salute me, and they joined MK when I was one or two years old? Half the time I want to cry; this is what a nation doe to people who gave up their lives. It’s SADF criteria; they do not understand any other language. I can’t live with that, I just can’t live with that(Interview with MK soldier, 1996 by K. Gibbs). The SADF controls the SANDF and this makes the former Apartheid Generals in charge of the National Army.
Another MK veteran echoed this sentiment: “Some of the comrades are till very bitter, especially on the question of ranking. The people ranking us did not know us. In the Soviet Union we got serious, good training. some were very brilliant, military cadres who had forsaken their education and careers; what was ore important and urgent for them was the liberation of our people, yet they got low rankings. The ANC involvement in ranking seemed minimal, hence there was grumbling(Interview with MK veteran, 1996). Although many of the initial integration difficulties were sorted out, there was still widespread feeling among many former guerilla soldiers that the integration process amounted to the effective absorption of MK and APLA into the SADF. Complaints have persisted, particularly about the composition of the force, racism, language , slowness of cultural change and inappropriate training. Those who have integrated are resigning in droves. They don’t feel at home, they don’t get good treatment and there is no neutral complaint system. some feel like they are being victimized and pushed out(an interview with a parliamentarian, 1996) The minister of Defense, Joe Modise(now passed away) indicated that these groupings had limited support and that their continued existence could not be confirmed by military Intelligence(Citizen, 3 September 1995) There still dissatisfaction among former non-statutory force members that the top echelons of the military are dominated by white men. At placement, only 1,375 men and 158 women from the non-statutory forces were placed at officer level. The majority of combatants, 11,575 men and 1,830 women, were placed in non-officer ranks. In the air force, for example, out of 150 non-statutory force members, the highest ranking officer was one colonel and only two pilots were allowed to fly, despite the fact that some extensive flight experience. (The Star, 6 October 1995) In bringing the Army under the ANC government,the African leader in the government were impotent and hapless, and this is borne out by the comments made by the ‘fighters’ in MK and APLA.
From Bantustan to Rainbowstan
When Mandela walked out of Polsmoor Prison with Winnie Mandela by his side, walking hand in hand, Africans were euphoric and elated. The shackles of Apartheid were she, and the hope of a better tomorrow loomed ever so high. Mandela formed a Government of National Unity with his former enemies, the Afrikaners. Mandela’s release coincided with the genocide that was taking place in amongst African South Africa exacerbated by men like Wouter Basson and his medical Battalion Dr. Kobus Scholtz implicated Basson and the 7th Medical Battalion he commanded in. 1. a chemical and bio-ware warfare program; 2. murders using poison; 3. chemical-bomb attack against Frelimo troops in Mozambique during the late 1980s; 4. corruption for personal gain; 5. running an execution squad. This hit-squad under Basson, composed of former members of old CCB operatives and Special Forces, supposedly formed part of the core of the SADF’s notorious elimination actions; in 1997, NIS undercover agents observed bottles of poisoned beer cans to be used to kill enemies in the neighboring states and in the beer for the Transkei people. Basson was not only a dangerous individual, but also a very vulnerable one. When the ANC government was elected in 1994, it considered him a man who knew too much. The Minister of Defense,Ronnie Kasrils rehired him in the reconstituted SANDF in October 1995 and claimed that he wanted to bring him under a greater degree of control and to prevent him from leaking information to other nations. Basson was reinstated as chief cardiologist at Pretoria’s 1st Military Hospital in October 1995. less than 2 years afterhe was sacked by President de Klerk for his activitie in the 7th Medical Batalion, dubbed he “Third force”. The murderou exploits of Basson are legendary, and the ANC has retained him and might be carrying his work unabated in a clandestine manner.
Most of the time one hears about South Africa, it is either from the media or the South African European who have taken the liberty of explaining, presenting African South African as they see fit; who still call the country and the Continent as a whole backwards, Dark Continent; its people as savages, Kaffir, Natives, Bantus, Plurals, Swaartgevaar; that the Africans are sojourners in the land of Birth; they narrate African people’s history by stating that Africans migrated from the north and displaced the Khoi! Africans are called ‘boys’ and ‘girls’; African schools are failing, especially the matriculants, even though they now attend the white schools called “Model Cs”, the passing percentage is and has always between 331/3% overall student GPA for Africans; hospitals are lacking in medicine; there’s and extreme gap between the ‘ubber’ rich whites and the African petit bourgeoisie; also, a huge gaping gap in terms of affluence and material wealth between the majority downtrodden, depressed and repressed poverty stricken and poverty subjugated African majority; sick depressed poor Africans suffering from high blood pressure and sugar diabetes, untreated, and poor diet complicating the conditions; today there is a growing number of poor whites who are suffering from random senseless crime in the farms, suburbs, and cities; There is some form of breakdown in delivery of social services; some African leaders are still on some ‘gravy train; there is more corruption and a serious disconnect between the African leaders and their wards, and a semi-relationship with the Afrikaner people. More and more people are living in shacks, although the government through the RDP programs, has built some housing units, which the people regard as of inferior quality and poorly built, in some areas. Many local administrative representative are sloppy with their work with the African public, and embroiled in never-ending scandals and ineptitude in performing their public tasks. There is a lot of bribery, by the police and throughout the whole social system; alcohol abuse is the achilles heel of Africans of all stripes within the country; there is rife prostitution; drug peddling has become the norm, and was exacerbated by Basson and his cabal in distribution Mandrax and other chemical drugs which are are affecting the African Youth immensely and devastating household today; crack cocaine is now being filtered through the local townships and is spreading like wild fire; rapes are high and homicide just as high. There are still a lot of car-jackings and high motor-car accident on the national roads and highways; there is still police abuse and police related deaths; there are shootouts with the police in robberies and other skirmishes; the is some sort of tension which is made palatable by the upcoming highly anticipated 2010; some infrastructure issues and transportation, roads and houses have been upgraded in preparation for the coming World Cup Finals. Stadiums have been built anew; the are a lot of Bread and Breakfast(B&Bs) houses which too have been upgraded.
But as have been observed, Africans are still underpaid, unhealthy, terrorized by organized crime and some militias; accused of xenophobia; accused of electing the present inefficient government three times in a row; being betrayed by the leaders they have elected who are living large. Maybe it is those inducement Botha was talking about, which he foresaw, that the present leaders are feasting upon; accused of being backward; abused by the present government which denied that there was an Aids pandemic, according to Thabo Mbeki,the ousted corrupt president educated in London’s School of Economics; African language, culture, and sense of self and ones historical reality rejected as invalid, and only the colonizer’s history being correct. Africans run the politics, Europeans own the economy. The ANC does not control the SANDF and the economy. In this case, Africans,with the leaders they elected, are caught between the rock and a hard place- the rock being their past with Apartheid, and a hard place, being the new ANC government. The soldiers went on strike, the doctors went on strike, all sorts of industries have been striking throughout the ear. There have been many corruption charges right up to the new president, President Zuma, who was accused of rape and a litany of charges of which he was acquitted of them all. Since he came to power, one of the most interesting things that he has done is increase the number of his wives, although some changes are are taking place administratively and so forth, he is nearing a year, and Africans wait to see what has he got in his bag of the Presidency.
During the days of Apartheid, forced removals took people to barren areas in the middle of nowhere with no trees but ricks; in the days of the ruling ANC elite, Africans are wondering what have they set themselves for with a ‘neocon’ crew hell-bent on sowing permanent social tensions, intimidation, ineptness, inefficiency, corrupt and self-serving, arrogant and not taking care of the whole 40+ million africans who have have not yet gotten any respite from the vicissitudes of authoritarianism of Apartheid and a neo- and-post-colonial type of government, parading as law and order; and that it is a juggernaut for governance and development. The Gravy Train has not yet reach the wretched African multitudes, and those of other races that are suffering through this mounting crisis. What will happen in South Africa after World Cup 2010, is anybody’s guess… It is about time to stop blaming the victim, and striving towards a strong, non-racial prosperous Mzantsi(South Africa) Otherwise, if that does not happen, it will then be true that Africans have lived through the Bantustan era, and now living in a Rainbowstan reality. Cry no more the beloved people and country….
Go nineteen seventy-six
We need you no more
Never come again
We ache inside
Good firends we have lost
You stand accused
You lost the battle
You were not revolutionary
We do not boast about you
Year of Fire, Year of Ash
This poem was written by Oupa Thando Mthimkhulu
Finally, “Not everything that is faced can be changed, but nothing can be changed until it is faced.” (James Baldwin)
The problem of race relations is South Africa’s main problem. After one has written about the abuse of an entire people for generations, disrespect and denial of the humanity of Africans remains the main sticking point towards affirmative race relations. The collective consciousness of the minority white people, especially, remains rooted, embedded and entrenched in the belief that Africans are not entirely human, cannot run government, their history is as told by their conquerors, their suffering not worth talking about, considering nor acknowledging. Little has changed since 1652 to the present. So much dread and horror has marked and dotted the social interaction between African and White races. Even today in 2010, a lot of the yesteryear animosities and drudged social relations. These in turn tend to hurt both societies: the White supremacist race cling onto a self-righteous moral and intellectual superiority; in the meantime the African race depressed, repressed, crimes against their humanity continually being continually imposed on them in many ways as has been listed above. As Bell and Ntsebeza have duly noted, South Africa has a lot of Unfinished Business to deal with.
The social relations in South Africa will eventually change, albeit in time unknown. What is amazing is that in a country where the majority rules because of their democratic right, there are still people in South Africa who are working hard towards intimidating anyone who speaks out from an African point of View. It is also amazing that the denizens of this forsaken land are the poorest, the most uneducated, abused, jailed, hanged, tortured,murdered, starved, underdeveloped in all aspects of life, mass killed over the centuries, controlled through draconian harsh laws, poisoned, drugged, chopped to bits or exploded in grenades, dragged to ecologically disastrous areas and slum tenement,beaten down with sjamboks, tear-gassed, shot at with bird pellets and to R1 Rifle bullets , killed not only in the streets, but in hospitals, through liquor, poisoned cigarettes, malnutrition, debilitating diseases, kidnapped, houses burnt, children maimed, killed and murdered, the whole African populace subjected to some serious war of attrition for over 358 years. It is really perplexing to see the minority Afrikaner population,[those who hold steadfastly to these beliefs] trying to put down their handiwork and heavy handedness of over three and-a-half-plus centuries on a people who have yet to recover, in the 16 years of their first time new self rule. With many grievances which could fill a hub, there is still this smugness amongst the Afrikaner of not ever going to accepting or respecting African rule and African policy of society and governance, political, cultural and other aspects of national unity and progress.
Steven Bantu Biko has a lot say about Fear: “My premise has always been that black people should not at any one stage be surprised at some of the atrocities committed by the government(Apartheid government). This to me follows logically after their initial assumption that they, being a settler minority, can have the right to be supreme masters. If they could be cruel enough to cow ‘natives’ down with brutal force and install themselves as perpetual rulers in a foreign land, then anything else they do to the same black people becomes logical in terns of the initial cruelty. To expect justice(or reconciliation, a-la TRC – my addition) from them is to be naive. They almost have a duty to themselves and to their “electorate” to show that they still have the upper hand upper-hand – by ruthlessly breaking down the back of resistance amongst blacks, however petty that resistance is.”
Biko Continues: “To look for instances of cruelty directed at those who fall into disfavor with the “security police” is perhaps to look too far. One need not try to establish the truth of the claim that black people in South Africa have to struggle for survival. It presents itself in ever so many facets of our lives. Township life alone makes it a miracle for anyone to live up to adulthood. There we see a situation of absolute want in which black will kill black to be able to survive. This is the basis of the vandalism, murder, rape and plunder that goes on while the real sources of the evil – White society – are suntanning on exclusive beaches or relaxing in the bourgeoisie homes. The philosophy behind police action in this country seems to be “harass them! harass them!”. And one needs to add that they interpret the word in a very extravagant sense. Thus, even young traffic policemen, people generally known for their grace, occasionally find it proper to slap adult black people. It sometimes looks obvious here that the great plan is to keep black people thoroughly intimidated and to perpetuate the “super-race” image of the white man, if not intellectually, at least in terms of force. White people, working through their vanguard – the South African Police – have come to realize the truth of that golden maxim – “if you cannot make a man respect you, then make them fear you.” This fear is still a reality in contemporary South Africa, and there are those who are serious about using it to perpetuity, even if they do not have political and numerical power. The problem for the Afrikaners is to accept the humanity of Africans and their majority rule as authentic. The fear of the New ANC-led government is that of the masses becoming awakened, or educated thus enabling them to see their smoke-screen of lies, deceit and inability to rule and promote ‘true” democracy. If the Lesson of the ANC’s ‘Quatro Prison’ pamphlet are true, those murdered when they were ere headed onto other ANC camps to hold a meeting on the implementation of true democracy with their comrades in other camps, and were waylaid by Hani and his cronies, murdered and buried in mass graves, if that pamphlet were any indication of the attitude of the ANC and the truth about their distaste of ‘democracy’, then it would be advisable that in the near future that issue be revisited. this is article is not only about how Apartheidizers continue to blame the victims of their own created apartheid, but it is also about how the African government continuous this trend, and in this case, avoids and ignores educating the masses, in order to keep them oppressed, ignorant, compliant an silent. Fear, intimidation and elimination is what characterizes the ANC-led government in contemporary South Africa, amongst the Africans, and to a certain extent, whites and other racial minorities.
Used And Abused People
Blaming the Electorate
Although some changes are taking place within South Africa, mostly because of the preparation for the the 2010, the ordinary people are still caught in no-man’s land, and their interests are still not addressed fully. As noted above, it will be interesting to see what happens once the World Cup is over; the government of the day is going to be faced with a people who have had their needs not fully addressed, nor are they even paid any attention today. About 4 years ago, Ronald Kennedy, in the Spectrezine blog wrote: “Plagued by corruption scandals, internal squabbling and mass discontent amongst the population, The African National Congress now faces local elections. The lack of any strong opposition party means that the most serious opposition will come from within South Africa’s governing party itself. Burning tires, dancing demonstrators and riot police shooting rubber bullets: this is South Africa, righ now, as pictured on south African TV news. The protests are not directed at a government which oppresses people, but one which – according to the demonstrators – is failing hopelessly short of fulfilling its duties. The biggest issues in the coming ocal elections are m therefore, also most elementary: electricity and running water. Discontent seems well placed. According to South Africa’s official statistical service, 35% of the twelve million households lack fresh drinking water, 66% are not connected to the electricity grid and 48% have to get by without mains sewerage. A large portion of slum dwellers have only a bucket by way of sanitary provision. Mbeki had said that they were going to end the “bucket system” by 2007; clean water for every South African by 2010 and electricity for all by 2012.” By 2005, John Daniel, an author, stated that: “The criticism is largely unfair. The ANC has achieved a great deal. The government has, in the face of the legacy of the apartheid regime, already built almost 2 million houses(of low quality that they are falling apart- my addition), or apartments for former slum dwellers(locals complain that these houses are being given mostly to foreigners who bribe officials for the habitats – my addition), opened hundreds of clinics(which lack medicines and doctors, and patients have to be turned back, even though they came to the clinics as early as 4.00 a.m), and brought clean drinking water to millions of people(which they have to pay exorbitant sums of money, even when they are given 6,0000 liters to start with for free, most people are mostly without water, today). South Africa is relatively poor. Benefits need to be set against against the cost. The ANC must contend with a lack of education and training at the levels of society where policies must be carried out.”
Well, the 2010 local elections are at hand for the year 2011, and the same issues that have been addressed above are still the main outcries of the ANC electorate and other peoples of South Africa. From 2006, to date, the same grievances against ANC, have worsened and widened – tires have been burnt just a week in to December and there are calls for demonstrations and protest against issues of electricity, water, jobs, poor education, nepotism, cronyism, unemployment and the list goes on. The poor are either ignored or blamed for being ungrateful with “all what the ANC has done for them”, but the locals want the local councillors to be thrown out as they did in 2004 local elections. In the case of the upcoming elections, one thing remains true: “the More Things changes, the more they stay the same and worsen”. This will begin to erode on the confidence of the electorate who will ultimately stay at home rather than vote. This disappointment will show itself in the turnout in the 2011 local elections. Although the ANC will not be welcomed by the ANC, the opposition is too weak to profit from it. The ANC is slowly destroying itself thorugh its ignoring of its electoral base, and this does not bode well for the ANC-led government. The present ANC-led government is in cahoots with big monied interests, business and countries who want or are controlling the natural resources of Africans in south, and are destroying the African culture and the indigenous African peoples of south Africa.
Blaming The African Victims of Apartheid
At this point in the Hub, we will utilize William Ryans work, but regurgitate it as relating to African south Africans, but the credit of all the information below will be completely given to Ryan William. The reference below plainly points out to how Africans are victimized, and it is this author’ contention that whether it be in colonial times or post-neo colonial times, or the contemporary times of South Africa’s Africa-led government, is the same and it is becoming worse. The former Apartheid overlords are pouring it on agains the African people and their children in today’s contemporary South Africa. “Consider some victims. One is the miseducated child in the slum/Township school. He/She is blamed for his/her own miseducation. He is said to contain within himself the causes of his inability to read and write well. The shorthand phrase is “cultural deprivation,” which, to those in th know, conveys what they allege to be inside information: that the poor child carries a scanty pack of intellectual baggage as he enters school. He doesn’t know about books and magazines and newspapers, they say. (No books in the home; the mother fails to subscribe to Reader’s Digest/ or Drum Magazine). They say that if he talks at all-an unlikely event since slum parents don’t talk to their children-he certainly doesn’t talk correctly. (Lower-class dialect? or Kasi Slang). Note the
tactic and technique of blaming the African child. What is the “culturally deprived” child doing in the school? What is wrong with the victim? In pursuing this logic, no one remembers to ask questions about the collapsing building and torn or non-existant textbooks; the frightened and insensitive teachers; the blustering, frightened Principals; the relentless [economic and social] segregation; the callous administrator; the irrelevant curriculum; the bigoted or callous members of the school boards; the insulting history books; the stingy taxpayers; the fairy-tail readers; or the elf-serving faculty of the local teachers’ colleges. We are encouraged to confine our attention to the child and to dwell on all these alleged defects. Cultural deprivation becomes an omnibus explanation for the educational disaster area known as the inner-school or Township schools. This is Blaming the Victim.the hundred additional desks.”
This is exactly what is going on in contemporary SouthAfrica. South Africa is hooked-up to America through an economical umbilical and very fast, through theAmerica/European social and political and cultural osmosis. The Blaming the victim chorus coming rom the former colonialists and present venture capitalist monied class, extends to the family in this manner. Ryan writes: “Pointing to the supposedly deviant Negro or African family as the “fundamental weakness of the African family [because this perception extends to all the lands and countries where Africans have been colonized], is another way to blame the victim. Like “cultural deprivation,” “African Family” has become a shorthand phrase with stereotyped connotations of matriarchy, fatherlessness, and pervasive illegitimacy. Growing up in the “crumbling”African family is supposed to account for most of the racial evils of [South Africa] and America. Insiders have the word, of course, and know that this phrase is supposed to evoke images of growing up with a long-absent or never-present father (replaced rom time to time perhaps by a series of transient lovers) and with bossy women ruling the roost, so as that the children are irreparably damaged. This refers particularly to the poor, bewildered male children, whose psyches are fatally wounded and who are never, alas, to learn the trick of becoming upright, downright, forthright all-Europeanized Africans ‘boys’. Is it o wonder Africans/Negroes cannot achieve equality(even if they are the majority of voters-to which Africans say that “they were looking for “Freedom”, yet they were given ‘democracy[which I refer to as “Shamocracy”]). From Such Families! And, again, by focusing our attention on the Negro/African family as the apparent cause of racial inequality, our eye is diverted. Racism, discrimination, segregation, and the powerlessness of the ghetto are subtly, but thoroughly, downgraded in importance.”
We further read on from Ryans issues of Blaming The Victim that, “The generic process of Blaming the Victim is applied to almost every[South African problem. The miserable health care of the poor is explained away on the grounds that the victim has poor motivation and lacks health care information. The problem of slum/ghetto/Township housing are traced to the characteristics of tenants who are labelled as “Ignorant rural migrants” not yet acculturated” to life in the big cities. The “multiproblem” poor, it is claimed, suffer from psychological effects of impoverishment, the “culture of poverty,” and the deviant value system of the lower classes; consequently, though unwittingly,they cause their own troubles. From such a viewpoint, the obvious fact that poverty is primarily an absence of money is easily overlooked or set asides..” The Mbeki children, in the case of the bludgeoning birth-giving rate amongst the teens today, who are fixated up on the money they will get when giving birth to many children, “are also fallaciously linked together with the increased number of illegitimate children as twin results of promiscuity and sexual abandon among members of the lower orders. Every important social problem-crime, mental illness,civil disorder, unemployment-has been analyzed within the framework of the victim-blaming ideology. There is an abundance of literature about the underdevelopment of the Third World, in which the lack of prosperity and technological progress is attributed to some aspect of the national character of the people, such as “lack of achievement motivation”-, and along with these postulations there are issues of racial injustice, social welfare and human services in the urban areas.”
I have been listening to the victim-blamers and pondering their thought processes for a number of years. That process is often very subte. Victim-blaming is cloaked in kindness and concern, and bears all the trappings of and statistical furbelows of scientism; it is obscured by a perfumed haze of humanitarianism. In observing the process of Blaming the Victim, one tends to be confused and disorientated because those who practice this art display a deep concern for the victims that is quite genuine. In this way, the new ideology is very different from the open prejudice and reactionary tactics of the old days. Its adherents include sympathetic social scientists with social conscience in good working order, and liberal politicians with a genuine commitment to reform. They are very careful to dissociate themselves from vulgar Calvinism of crude racism(The Jan Van Riebeeck-type– my addition),they indignantly condemn any notion of innate wickedness or genetic defect. “The Negro/[African] is not born inferior,” they shout apoplectically. “SForce of circumstance,” they explain in reasonable tones, “has made him inferior.” And they dismiss with self-righteous contempt for any claims that the poor man in America/[Africa] is plainly unworthy or shiftless or enamored of idleness . No, they say, he is “caught in the cycle of poverty,” He is trained to be poor by his culture and his family life, endowed byhis environment (perhaps by his ignorant mother’s outdated style of toilet training) with those unfortunately unpleasant characteristics that make him ineligible Victim is, of course, quite different from old-fashioned conservative ideologies. The latter simply dismissed victims as inferior, genetically defective, or morally unfit; the emphasis is on the intrinsic, even hereditary, defect. The former shifts emphasis to the environmental causation. The old-fashioned conservative could hold firmly to the belief that the oppressed and the victimized were born that way-“that way” being defective or inadequate in character or ability. The new ideology attributes defect and inadequacy to the malignant nature of poverty, injustice, slim life, and racial difficulties.The stigma that marks the victim and accounts for his victimization is an acquired stigma, a stigma of social, rather than genetic, origin. But the stigma, the defect, the fatal difference-though derived in the past from environmental forces-is still located within the victim, inside his skin. With such an elegant formulation, the humanitarian can have it both ways. He can, all at the same time, concentrate his charitable interest on the defects of the victim, condemn the vague social and environmental stresses that produced the defect (some time ago), and ignore the continuing effect of victimizing social forces (right now). It is a brilliant ideology for justifying a perverse form of social action designed to change, not society, as one might expect, but rather society’s victim.”
Today the past Apartheid operatives and their followers, are hammering the ANC from all angles. It would seem like the aNC-led government obliges them, and does not deal and steer away from corruption, cronyism, and other social malaise. Having been made victims of apartheid through its draconian rules, those who violated African peoples humanity and human rights, are blaming the Africans for hing been victims(the apartheidizers smear): that is, they allowed themselves to be victims because of their backwardness and inability to evolve with the modern- what was done to Africans in South Africans, the outcome is blamed on the Africans who are oppressed, depressed, repressed, to date! When one reads what Ryan has written just cited above, it is as if one is speaking about the conditions of existence of the Africans in South Africa. Colonization affected many colonized people throughout the colonized world in the same way as Apartheid did- in the other cases, it was just a matter of degree. On this point, ryan writes:
“Blaming the Victim depends on a very similar process of identification (carried out, to be sure, in the most kindly, philanthropic, and intellectual manner) whereby the victim of social problems is identified as strange, different-in other words, as a barbarian, a savage. Discovering savages, then, is an essential component of, and prerequisite to, Blaming the Victim, and the art of Savage Discovery is a certain skill that must be acquired by all aspiring Victim blamers. They must learn how to demonstrate that the poor, the Black, the ill, the jobless, the slum tenants, are different and strange. They must learn to conduct or interpret the research that shows how “these people” think in different forms, act in different patterns, cling to different values, seek different goals, and learn different truths. Which is to say that they are strangers, barbarians, savages. This is how the distressed and disinherited are redefined in order to make it possible for us to look at society’s problems and to attribute their causation to the individuals affected.”
Apartheid Victims, Today…
This contributed to an Apartheidized way of looking at people. All the added differences in of themselves contribute to a skewed and Apartheidized way of looking at other people. This is one of the core issues which will be dealt with further in this articles, and then some. this brings into sharp focus the victimization of the victim by the victimiers. After having been totally dehumanized, the victim is blamed for the state that has been created for and find his/herself, for occupying and living the role imposed on him, that of being a victim of abuse, oppression, depression, repression and being dismissed, ignored and broken up into many disunited and incoherent and a constant reality dictated upon him to live the life of a backward, barbaric and stagnant entity. Ryan put in nicely above, to reiterate, “This is how the distressed are redefined in order to make it possible for us to look at society’s problems and to attribute their causation to the individuals affected.” All social ills and wrongs, being enforced on the victims, which results in anomie and normlessness as a result, is blamed on the very victim who was victimized, scorned, dismissed and ignored. This very act can be seen today as one reads some articles written by the former Apartheidizers who are now, at present, relish and gloat in their utterances and attack on their victims without let-up.
The Apartheidizers are bent on shredding the images and humanbeingness of the present Africans by making ludicrous calls of judgement and self-righteousness as to the system they headed that was Apartheid, and not what and how it had effected their African victims, but lauding the virtues of a system that has been accused of gross human rights violation of the Africans in South africa. Now that they are in cahoots with the ruling ANC-led government lackeys, they are incessantly and consistently harangue and blame the Africans for the shortcomings emanating from their present rule. There are all sorts of wild claims made about Africans by a cohort of internet savvy whites and Apartheid demagogues from South Africa that they do it with impunity and the knowledge that they have shredded so much of the evidence of the gross inhumane abuses visited upon any people in the world, that they are comfortable that no one will ever know the full story, and that whatever they are saying now about Africans on the internet and other media outlets, is justified because the Africans in power now are inept, inefficient and blundering in their rule that the can cast this as being the nature of African and their inability to govern and rule.
“We need to understand how the Africans are the victim in contemporary South Africa. Ryan gives us this heads up view: “We have to consider who the victims are in the South African context. In fact, everyone who depends for the sustenance of himself and his family on salary and wages, and who does not have a separate source of income through some substantial ownership of wealth,is a potential victim in South africa./America. He is vulnerable to disaster of catastrophic illness in a private enterprise medical-care system; he is vulnerable to the deliberate manipulation of inflation and unemployment; he is vulnerable to the endemic pollution of air and food and to the unattended hazards of the factory and the highway that will likely kill him before his time; he is vulnerable to the greed of the great oil companies and food corporations. … In addressing the issue of poverty and racism, were see that the real issue is inequality.” This is done in many ways, of which Ryan clarifies by stating that: ” Many of the programs that are designed by the former rulers who analyze the social problems, and also saturates the majority of programs that have been developed to solve social problems in [South Africa]/America. These programs are based on the assumption that individuals have social problems as a result of some kind of unusual circumstances-accident, illness, personal defect or handicap, character flaw or maladjustment-that exclude them from using the ordinary mechanisms for maintaining and advancing themselves. for example, the prevalent belief in [South Africa]/America is that, under normal circumstances, everyone can obtain sufficient income for the necessities of life. Those who are unable to do so are special deviant cases, persons who for one reason or another are not able to adapt themselves to the generally satisfactory income-producing system. In times gone by these persons were further classified into the worthy poor-the lame, the blind, the young mother whose whose husband died in an accident, the aged man no longer able to work-and the unworthy poor-the lazy, the unwed mother and her illegitimate children, the malingerer. All were seen, however, as individuals who, for good reasons or bad, were personal failures, unable to adapt themselves to the system.” In a word, they divide and shackle the poor into one divided whole with various classifications in his victimhood, then they turn around and blame the victims, their own Frankenstenian creations, and further victimize them on the Web and in many publications… It is time the world begun to understand that the Africans in south Africa are victims of Grand Apartheid and post apartheid rule. This then is the story of how Africans are being made victims in their own country and existence as victims. As cited above from Ryan, this is the state of reality for Africans today in contemporary South- and the poor are saying it is now even more worse… And they are being blamed for their present and past condition(Now during the ANC-led governmental rule, and during Apartheid rule)
Corruption: Cronyism, Cabals, Nepotism and Clientelism
Corruption Through Government And By Business And Politics
The scourge of corruption in South Africa has tightened its grip on our society over the past decade, threatening our democratic achievements, eroding the capacity of the state to advance serious socio-economic transformation, and often undermining the solitary culture of our broad movement. Those first formations to actively launch a mass campaign against the corrosive evil, men like Radioman Ntshangase, of Mpumalanga and Moss Phakoe of Rustenburg, were gunned down for their courageous stand against corruption.
One will find that what lies behind this terrible contagion various explanations are advanced in South African public debate. Often it is reduced to bad individual behavior calling for moral condemnation – a “few bad apples”, of whom “an example” must be made of. Clearly this is not entirely wrong, those involved in corruption must be dealt with, regardless of who they are, regardless of their political affilaiations. In fact, we should expect a higher level of conduct from those who are members of our broad democratic movement and especially those in public service.
This is how Njabulo Ndebele characterizes present-day corruption in South Africa:
“With the arrest and sentencing of Jackie Selebi, a highly credentialed “big fish” of the new dispensation has been finally been put behind bars. But there is another question that deserves attenton: just how far can the tide of this social and economic epidemic be significantly reversed by the arrest and imprisonment of the prominent corrupt and they a are its viral agents?
The scourge of corruption, as we all know, cannot be entirely eliminated. Keeping it at bay effectively is what most societies try to do at best. The successful ones keep it at bay through strong governance systems and highly professionalized institutions. These derive their mandate, authority and legitimacy from legal instruments founded on their respective national constitutions. Strong value-based institutions exert ethical and moral constraints over and above legal ones.
Since 1994, Selebi’s particular group, which Mbeki described as the “bureaucratic bourgeoisie” has been in control of the state and has managed its wealth, largely a social and economic legacy of South Africa’s history of colonialism and racist oppression, [this means that the Selebi crew, mismanaged (people’s coffers) and managed local and international finance([for the interest of those investors) very well. This accumulated wealth suddenly became available and accessible to Selebi’s ascendent group through political power.
It has wielded this power in conditions in which the genuine personal material needs of its members, shaped by historic deprivation, brutally compete with social commitment that once gave meaning to the struggle for liberation. In this tension, personal needs, with political power now at their disposal, will tend to trump social commitment. And the more that power yields material gratifications of all kinds, the deeper grows the impulse to hold on to it. Access to accumulated state wealth reduces any inclination there may ever have been to re-order society to create new conditions for new wealth. The wealth now available will be spent far more than it can be replaced or grown.” (Njabulo)
Corruption Based On Herd Mentality
Njabulo continues: “In such situations, justifications to hold on to power abound. These may include messianic notions of permanent power, “until Jesus returns: or, notions that no one else can bring about the necessary social transformations – only the leaders of the group in power can. For such consecrated leadership, constitutional rule soon becomes an impediment (As in the attack of the press by the ANC government). It imposes the requirement of effort that is often too demanding on personal and group capability. Indeed, the collective capability immediately available to the group sets the standards and the norms for maintaining group cohesion.
These norms and standards are then reproduced internally and become more and more distant from external realities and the pressures they may impose. The group then becomes prone to new solidarities that eventually become corruptive. Soon, group interest substitutes for constitutional rule. The once revolutionary commitment to radical social transformation is replaced by opportunisms of the moment. Selebi’s social group further defined its character when it fractured into two sub-groups.
One sub-group negotiated with the moneyed asset holders who have historically built South African capitalism, to share its assets. Black Economic Empowerment(BEE) was designed as the preferred mechanism. The second sub-group successfully mobilized both the working class and the underclass of millions of the poor and unemployed to gain political power. With direct access to enormous state wealth, it began an unprecedented looting of the fiscus at various levels of fiscal management. Examples of splurging abound to indicate a looting well under way.
Meanwhile, traditional capitalists, overwhelmingly White, lost the buffer of the sub-group that first negotiated with them, and are now directly exposed to the sub-group in power. They are vulnerable to various forms of exortion. At this point, the political indulgence of personal material needs results in something far more deeply menacing for the body-politik. It results in corruptive collusions.
Corruptive Collusion as Raison de’etre
These collusions become new foundations of group solidarity. They effectively replace the old solidarities of struggle. The latter, can continue to be invoked and retained more as a necessary mantra of commitment, and far less as an objective to be pursued. Corruptive collusions offer group protection and will be hostile towards any regular measures, whatever their merits, which emanate from outside the group. Even the national constitution is an outside phenomenon. Any guilt from abandoning struggle values the group will share through ritualistic recalls of past heroism and numerous political declarations of intent and a plethora of policies.
They deploy the mantras of “poverty reduction”, “Job creation”, “combating crime and corruption”. These mantras have high appeal. But their effect weakens only because the more the sub-group in power asserts itself through a corrupted perspective, the less capability it demonstrates for solving social problems that require committed and principled effort.
Thus, the corrupted perspective achieves a defining outcome: it conceals the real power of personal material needs and its enormous capacity to violate a committed and principled attention to radical social transformation. Corrupt concealment becomes the primary mechanism by which corruption in general spreads throughout the body-politik. The impact on state governance is severe. Corruption becomes a principle of solidarity. It feeds and maintains solidarity.
The political party thusly infected becomes itself the very agent of corruption. Corruption becomes its raison d’etre, lived but never declared; condemned generally, never specifically; and threatened but never rooted outSo, no matter how many Jackie Selebi’s can be jailed, many more are concealed under the cloud of the cohesive power of corrupted solidarities. Instead, it will work to evolve more inventive, and increasingly more invasive, ways of concealing their presence and their dark intention. (These are, as the topic of this article has shown, some of the backwards looking ways of governance of those elected by Africans, are working assiduously for the extinction of Africans in South Africa). And the corruption discussed above, is one of the myriad ways through which Africans are being eliminated, by their own elected leadership!)
Contemporary South African Predatory Vulture Capitalist
Corruption in South Africa then comes across as both transactional and then as a mode of perceiving the political and economic reality and the possibilities that reality offers. Concealment and obfuscation is its necessary method of operation or modus operandi. Indeed, corruption and concealment are two sides of the same coin. Seen from this perspective, South Africa may currently be moving through a dangerous transitional phase from the ad hoc practice of corruption, to its steady institutionalization through law and regulation. It is a phase that once crossed , will be difficult to reverse.
What we are dealing with then is corruption as a systematic phenomenon. This phenomenon involves more than stealing from the public purse, more than obtaining the underserved tender from colluding cronies in power. Rather, it becomes something more existential when it occupies the very thinking and affective processes people use in making survival decisions. All this does not mean that the vast majority of individuals in a corrupted system choose to live corruptly. Many may probably abhor the system. But it can mean that many fail to demonstrate an inclination to resist the system, and that by their failure they permit the system to taint them. Through such accommodation, the corruptive culture triumphs..
ANC: A Perfect Front For International Capital
It is important to note that the strength of the ANC is weakened by their poor rendering of services in the African communities. Bond and Mayekiso write: “The deterioration of municipal services and declining standards of infrastructure have become commonplace in post-Apartheid South Africa and housing has become a policy farce. All of this is not because South Africa is under “Black rule,” as many conservatives would have it, but on the contrary, because of a combination of factors reinforcing residual White power remain. These factors are evident in the profoundly anti-redistributive, market-orientated policies on municipal services designed in the late 1994 by the World Bank and inexplicably adopted by the Reconstruction and Development Program (Or RDP) office in 1995 and Department of Constitutional Development (DCD) in 1996 once the RDP office was closed and local infrastructure became DCD’s responsibility. Once again, the ANC outsourced local market-orientated processes to the World Bank, among the many other conglomerates.
In my next deposition, I will try and caricature the real ANC leadership and what it is up to in real time and concrete terms. For now, be it known that we are dealing with a dressed up “Uncle tom” government in Service of Imperial monied interests, and oppressing and killing-off its own people who resist, as Zuma said in his speech after Mangaung here on TV. What could have been more clearer and affirming to what I have posted above than that speech-that anyone who opposes the ANC will be dealt with. If people did not understand that and know where it is coming from, then we are nowhere near trying to solve the problems that are facing our people in this country today.
POOR AND DECREPIT AFRICAN LEADERSHIP AND MASS EMPOWERMENT
Erudite African Mass Potential Leadership
There is a pervasive sense of foreboding and impending doom among Africans who let themselves look reality “dead in the face”. In the face of the tremendous deterioration of their quality of life – mounting unemployment, increasing poverty, crime, moral degradation; devastating miseducation and the even more devastating lack of education; overwhelming drug addiction and insensate violence, homicide, terror, prostitution, disease and corruption. In the face of children having children, social incivility, a youth culture whose raucous music speaks of nihilism, rape, robbery and murder. The degradation and venal hatred of Black(African) women, of everything Black(African); in the face of unfulfilled longings for the satisfaction of basic needs in the midst of the “affluent” – the need for food, for physical safety and security, for belonging, love, acceptance, higher self-esteem. knowledge and understanding, freedom and autonomy, achievement, creativity and self-realization; in the face of all these unfulfilled dreams and wishes, the African community in ever-rising crescendos emits a heart-rendering cry for new leadership. Even the old leaders are calling for new leadership. The persistent call for leadership in the Black(African) community is a call for help, a call for a set of leading persons, organizations and ideas that can provide the community with a sense of unity, definition, direction, power, with a developmental plan and the wherewithal to realize its abundant human potential.
The most persistent complaints the community makes concerning it current leadership are that they have either been co-opted by the past apartheid White ruling regime; are outdated in terms of values, goals and techniques; are not truly and deeply committed to the welfare of the people; are self-centered, self serving, egocentric, ‘corrupt”; out of touch with the current and future realities; timid and cannot recognize the needs of the people or articulate those needs in ways which move the people toward their satisfaction; are intellectually inept and are not effectively educating the masses and inspiring them to realize the enormous power which lies dormant within themselves; are co-opted and put into strategic position by the ANC government even if they had been rejected by the communities and the African voting polity.
I won’t debate or critically go into nor evaluate these complaints. I believe that even if the contemporary Black(African) leadership accurately gauged and articulated the needs of African people and their communities, this would not necessarily empower the masses. The generation of social power requires appropriate ‘organization’, ‘tactics’ and ‘strategies’ – and a unifying vision or sense of mission. It requires a guiding set of ideas or an ideology whose attempted realization defines the social attitudes, relations and institutions which together can empower a people. A people are empowered or disempowered by the guiding ideologies of their leaders to whom they pledge allegiance. Though leaders recognize the needs of their followers an are at one with them in terms of their own needs, their choice of inappropriate social-political ideologies and goals may bring both themselves and their followers to despair. This is the kind of poor, weak and tired leadership that the poor masses have to deal with.
This then means that as we’re evolving in our understanding of this decrepit situation, we need to shine a brighter light on the problems that have been listed above and find out why is it so. It is here in this article I turn to Sankara for a much more sober and focused laser-like analysis to our these problem and what he has to say about it that will make our lack of understanding of these issues much more clearer, and poor people can mull on them and think them through much more clearly in a speech he gave on March 26, 1983….
Sankara runs the revolutionary rap thus:
“Who are these enemies of the people?
They are to be found here at home and abroad. At this very moment the are trembling, but you must expose them. You must drive them back into their holes. The enemies of the people are here inside the country are all those who have illicitly taken advantage of their social position and their place in the bureaucracy to enrich themselves. By means of bribery,maneuvers, and forged documents they have become shareholders in different companies. They are now involved in financing business and obtaining approval for this or that enterprise – in the guise of helping Upper Volta. These are the enemies of the people. They must be exposed. This section of the bourgeoisie must be fought against, and we will fight against it.
Who are the enemies of the people? They are the men in politics who travel through the countryside exclusively at election time. These politicians are convinced that only they can make our country work. These enemies of the people must be exposed and combated. We will combat them with you. The enemies of are likewise those who keep us in ignorance. Under the over of spiritual guidance and tradition, they exploit the people instead of serving their real spiritual needs and their real social interests. they must be fought against and we will fight them.
The enemies of the people are also beyond our borders. Their base is among unpatriotic people here in our midst at every level of our society – civilian and military men, men and women, old and young, in town and country alike. These enemies from abroad – neocolonialism – are among us. From its base base among these stateless men, those who have rejected their homeland,who have, in fact rejected their own people(the people Of Upper Volta (Mzantsi?), this enemy abroad is organizing a series of attacks. First will come the none-violent and the the violent stage. At this stage we are living through the non-violent stage [in the case of present-day South Africa, violence has become the norm]. This is the enemy abroad – imperialism, neo-colonialism – is attempting to sow confusion in the minds of the Voltaic people. According to their newspapers,radios,and television, Upper Volta is all fire and blood.
You see, imperialism is wrong. But Imperialism is a bad student. Even though its been defeated,though it’s been sent out of the classroom, it come back again. It’s a bad student. Imperialism never draws lessons from its failures. Its down in South Africa cutting African throats – just because Africans there are thinking about freedom, as you are today
Imperialism is everywhere, making us think like it, submit to it, and go along with its maneuvers by spreading it culture (cultural Imperialism), far and wide with the he;p of misinformation. We must bar the road to this imperialism. As I said,it will proceed to a violent stage. It is imperialism that landed troops in certain countries we know. Imperialism armed those who are killing our brothers in South Africa. Imperialism again is the assassin of the Lumumbas, Cabrals, Kwame Nkumahs, Machels…” Need I say more. All I can add at this point is that practical application is needed, after writing such a pieces about ideas of “Leadership’ and What its made of and is doing at present, will be added on. The readers can make up their own mind about they have read here- the fact this remans an ongoing research project from which we will be posting ideas that are practical and helpful for Africans of South africa. The piece above give and intelligent view of the mass mind in a simple form, the second part are the ideas of Sankara reinforcing the call for action, practice and tactics. The next post will put all these in a digestible context for all to use. We need to talk about these issue of leadership so as to sharpen our Critique and Anti-Critique of it… Its strange how power, society and leadership are still an on going conversation in the African communities on the Continent and in the Diaspora, and Sankara, in 1983, captured its essence and was evolving ideas how to really deal with it. What South africans do with this material is to make sure they read it, and pass it on to as many people as people. An updated and educated masses is the most feared weapon by imperialism. The task of Africans in South Africa today is to see to it that they educate and inform the masses- This is the leader theys and their shenanigans should be looking forward and toward in the future tactics, strategies and social engineering using, implanting and embedding new formations, attitudes and ways of doing for the poor like has never been done before.. I will be adding to this topic at length in the near future….
This problem is that there are people who work for these foreign invested interest and yet they do not really understand the ramification of working within such an environment and orbit of Imperialist. It is advisable at this point to take a much more closer look at Imperialism and its constituents entities and all sorts of multiple business or any other tributaries.
The Coming Of The Firm: Corporate Imperialism
Are Africans Really In A Hurry To Become CEO’s of These Firms?
Rodney had this to say about the European/African slave trade in Africa: “When one tries to measure the effect of European slave trading on the African continent, it is very essential to realize that one is measuring the effect of social violence rather than trade in any normal sense.” The depopulation of the African communities, the decline of African agriculture and manufacturing industry, a general shift in social and state activity to slave raiding, kidnapping and fratricidal wars, which went on for over three hundred years, have had severe effects in the East, Central and Southern Africa. The havoc reigned upon these people, along with those in the Americas, Latin america and South America, things like conquest, plunder, forced labor, taxation, and forced specialization in an export monoculture, reversed the relative positions, and these peoples and their lands were progressively reduced to underdevelopment too. 20 million people were decimated in the Congo, physically, economically and culturally by the primitive exploitation of the Leopoldian “system.” It is estimated that at least 10 million died as a result of this system in the twenty-year period between 1891 and 1911(Morel),more than the number of Jews killed in Hitler’s concentration camps. The case of the Congo is but one amongst the many other such types of murderous extermination of a people, and in the meantime, these colonists made untold riches which have continued to be the foundation capital of the modern imperial corporate wealth.”
American and European Multi-corportionshave become the second government in America, or around the world and they utilize their influence to make sure that their interests are served to the maximum. For the corporations to maximize their profits, they have to have their feelers in all aspects of the society, and in the end take up power to further advance their interest, uninhabited, and unimpeded..
The emergence of monopoly capitalism in the petroleum, copper, and aluminum industries was marked by a number of characteristics common to all three. First, it was associated with rapid technological change in the last quarter of the nineteenth century in the capitalist countries, particularly. Such technological change had the effect of establishing these industries on a large scale; they produced essential inputs for the expanding industrial system and enjoyed a high rate of growth. Before this time, while oil, copper, and aluminum were produced, this production took place on a very small scale and at high cost, and was based largely on rich and easily worked deposits of basic material, such as surface seepages or oil and deposits of high-grade copper ores. Between the 1860s and and 1900, however, a revolution in production technology took place which made available supplies that were not only quantitatively greater but qualitatively different. The development of drilling techniques enabled subterranean oil to be brought to the surface; induced changes in the technology of refining and new methods of transport made it possible to move oil over long distances. Ores that contained so little copper that they were once considered worthless were brought into production by changes in the technology of mining and refining.Aluminum metal began to be produced in commercial qualities for the first time.
The changes on the supply side were partly the cause and partly the effect of changes on the demand side, in which technology also played an important part. In oil and aluminum, it was the break-throughs in the technology of production in the 1850s and 1880s, respectively, that stimulated new uses and the search for new markets; in copper, the rapid growth of demand for wire resulting from the emergence of the electricity industry in the 1880s sparked the drive to mine and teat low-grade ores on a large scale. Subsequently, technical changes on both the demand and the supply side interacted with cumulative effects. Thus, the automobile revolution in the early 1900s created explosive growth demands fro the products of all three industries, and this induced further technical changes on the supply side. Accompanying these changes was a revolution in economic organization which was no less significant.
By the early 1900s, the large number of small, single-stage, local firms in the petroleum and copper industries had been displaced by a small number of large, vertically integrated firms, national in scope and with oligopolistic market control. In aluminum, monopoly of metal production was a feature of the industry from the outset because of Alcoa’s acquisition of the patent rights, and the company soon set about integrating itself backward into raw material extraction and forward into fabrication. It appears that the emergence of the integrated, oligopolistic firm was an inherent and possibly indispensable part of the revolution that took place in the scale of production and demand, in the level of technology, and in the quantity of capital utilized in production. With much more capital committed to production on a much larger scale, firms had to minimize the risks of investment and make sure that their facilities operated at full capacity by acquiring their own raw materials supplies and market outlets. All stages of production and marketing had to be brought as far as possible within the bounds of corporate control.
Those firms that got a head start because of strategic control over one stage of the industry or over production technology, because of capitalistic foresight and initiative, or because of a combination of all three, were able, in one way or another, were able to absorb the weaker and more vulnerable firms. This process continued until a small number of large firms faced one another, each with its own supplies of raw materials and its own market outlets. At that point, they discovered that their competitive struggles could be profitably diluted with collusive market control, that is, Cartel arrangements to maintain prices and profits by restraining output. What usually set the limit on the entry firms or provided the opportunities for new entrants was the scarcity or availability of the natural resources indispensable for profitable production. Thus, the discovery of new copper deposits in Montana in 1880s provided the basis for the new Anaconda company to break the control of the Lake Michigan producing pool; the discovery of the Texas oil fields at the turn of the century made it possible for the Texas Company and Gulf Oil to challenge the hegemony of Standard Oil. In contrast, Alcoa’s control of bauxite deposits and hydroelectric resources helped effectively to prevent the entry of new companies into the United States industry until after World War II, when Jamaican deposits began to be used by Reynolds and Kaiser.
The transnational corporation embodies not only a pattern of economic relationships but also a pattern of domination, as expressed by the power relations within it. Raw materials operations have to be subjected to the absolute control of the patent firm, for they are the basis upon which rests the whole edifice of production and marketing, and hence of capital accumulation. The transnational corporation not only has tremendous resources of finance and technology, it also has an enormous flexibility growing out of the fact that its operations are based in a large number of countries. Such flexibility and the integrated nature of its operations give it a wide range of options to shift accounting profits, and ultimately new investment and even existing production facilities, from one country to another. Outsourcing of jobs from America to other countries follows this model.
Furthermore, the transnational corporation normally enjoys a close relationship with the government of its home country – which means that the center country’s government will bring pressure to bear on the peripheral government in the interests of the firm. This can mean, in turn, that the government in the peripheral country will pressure the labor force in the interest of the local subsidiary of the corporation.” In many cases, these subsidiaries become a government of the country wherein they are extracting or stealing raw materials, subverting locally elected governments, and this is the Corporate Imperial way.
In the case of the Koch Brothers, they are now attempting to take over the American government in a brazen act to grab power, and along with other corporations, try to take over power(“reclaiming the country-taking it back”), for as we can now see, courtesy of the 2010 election, that their actions and solutions offer an even much more sinister intent. Which we still have to talk about in the case of South Africa which is really function as a siamese twin of the American and European economies, politics and ethics… If you understand the history of the firms above,it certainly is one and the same as the economy, politics and policies that are emasculating and decimating the African nation in Mzantsi.In the final analysis, the Victims of all these wrong doings are blamed for their suffering foisted upon them as noted above. It is important that this type of information gets to the poor, in due time, so that they can have a holistic view of the suffering and what it is about this corruption that is “Dumbing Them Down”-and as they are victims-be blamed for it.
Warning: Do NOT click on the link of the source above, if you are sensitive to graphic content. I don’t know if that content is true or not,I believe some of it ,is true.
The number of blacks that were killed by the Apartheid government is generally inflated by the ruling ANC. When they were spreading propaganda around the world during their “struggle”, they rarely backed their claims up with facts, as one would imagine.
The Human Rights Commission in South Africa released statistics of all the politically motivated murders in South Africa during Apartheid, which lasted from 1948 through to 1994. The statistics speak for themselves:
Politically Motivated Murders in South Africa from 1948 to 1994:
Blacks Murdered by Blacks:
21000 people were killed in political violence during the 46 years leading up to the elections in April 1994.
14000 of these 21000 people were killed from 1990 to 1994
In the same period, 8580 black South Africans were killed by other blacks South Africans.
Another 4902 were killed by unknown forces, but it is generally assumed that these killings were black on black politically motivated murders. (necklace murders)
The ANC was responsible for mobilising black South Africans to murder other blacks who they thought were working with the Apartheid government.
[Graphic content here]
Blacks Murdered by Whites:
The 7000 remaining deaths are generally attributed to the Apartheid government and includes the SANDF and security forces. A lot of these deaths were in South West Africa during the Angolan war. This number includes a massacre by the SANDF in 1978 in Kassinga where they killed 600 SWAPO refugees. It has to be noted that the Angolan War was fought with the undercover help of Western Nations in order to stop the Communists from taking over Southern Africa. These deaths also include white people who were killed by the ANC’s terrorist military wings.
In the period from 1990 to 1994, 518 people were killed by the National Party’s security forces.
The Apartheid government killed a maximum of 7518 black people during the 46 years of Apartheid. Thus white on black.
The liberation movements were responsible for 13482 politically motivated killings. Thus black on black.