3/5/2013 :UN downgrades Greece to ‘Partly Free’

via LEFTeria

Freedom conference, under the auspices of the UN downgrades Greece to ‘Partly Free’. All grounds in three page report.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Under the auspices of   United Nations, the World Press Freedom Day, (World Press Freedom Day), an Observatory for the Freedom of the press    published its annual report, on May 3, which shows that Greece had a dramatic drop in press freedom and expression.
 
 
 
According to Freedom House, which monitors and ranks 196 countries and territories around the world, Greece fell 14 positions and occupies the 84th rank, while downgraded from “Free” to “Partly Free”, (“Greece declined from Free to Partly Free” ).
 
 
The other countries mentioned in addition to Greece as partly free, is Malawi, Mali and Israel.
 
 
The report, which publishes LEFTeria-news translated, says that in this country the journalists working in devastating social and professional conditions while he speaks for popular discontent The media workers also face the risk of violent reprisals from the neo-Nazi party Golden Dawn.
 
 
Among the top 10 countries on freedom of the press, five are members of the European Union. Finland ranks first, followed by the Netherlands, Norway, Luxembourg, Andorra, Denmark, Liechtenstein, New Zealand, Iceland and Sweden.

Friday was celebrated well 20th anniversary of World Press Freedom Day.

The UN officials issued a call to action to ensure the safety of journalists in each country, something echoed by   Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, who said: “When you’re safe to express yourself, the whole world benefits”

 
“Too many media workers also suffer from threats, intimidation and violence. There are too many experiences on arbitrary detention and torture, often without legal recourse. Should persevere in the face of such insecurity and injustice.”
 
 
 
The reasons for the downgrade.
 
 
As illustrative reasons for downgrading the country in this report three pages, the case of Kostas Vaxevani to List Langkarnt, the fine of ESR in Real FM and other actions of the Broadcasting Council, the case with the arrest of the manager page “Elder pasticcio “The arrest of Spyros Karatzaferi a day before transmitting anti-government REPORTAZ.
 
 
Other cases in the report is the threat expressed by the Minister of Public Order Nikos Dendias to file a lawsuit against the British newspaper Guardian on torture police. The organization notes that “Dendias fell after the coroner’s report confirmed that the marchers were abused ‘
 
 
Also read about the dismissal of Dimitri Kazaki by the radio station Alfa 98.9 as a result of his views, in the memorandum, the expulsion of Kostas Arvanitis and Marilena Katsimi, removal of the Director General of AMPE for publication reportage concerning the list Lagarde and the resignation of journalist Thanos Dimadi by SKY, and could no longer operate under the “pressure mnimoniakis line SKY» as anaferetai.Parallila made and the attack on journalist channel Constantine Mpogdanos.
 
 
Prominent position is the attack on Anthi Karassava and Manos Lolos, by the police, the threats received by Xenia Kounalakis, from the Golden Dawn and the beating of Michael Tezari of Chrysafgites while mentions attempt on the life of Costas Vaxevani.
 
 
The exhibition under the auspices of the UN denounces the regulatory environment for broadcasting licenses   stating that in 2011, a Council Decision of State which declared it unconstitutional.
 
 
Denounces the practice of public broadcasters, who “tend to make reportage with a bias in favor of the government,” while many media owners have “a close relationship with the government, and this is often reflected in the lack of critical commentary on key issues, including discussion around the economic crisis. “
 
Finally, it is estimated that about 30% of journalists have lost their jobs since 2010 the crisis began.
 
 
Read the entire Report for Greece
 
 
Download the document in PDF by clicking HERE
 
 
See the rest of “Partly Free” and “Not Free” countries by clicking HERE
 
 
 
Translation-Performance: LEFTeria-News
 
 
 
 
 
Freedom House
Greece
Status: Partly Free
Legal Environment: 12
Political Environment: 19
Economic Environment: 10
Total Score: 41
Survey Edition
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Total Score, Status
27, F
29, F
29, F
30, F
30, F
 
Status change explanation: Greece declined from Free to Partly Free due to an increasingly hostile legal, political, and economic environment for the press; a rise in intimidation of and attacks against journalists; closures of, or cutbacks at, numerous print and broadcast outlets as a result of the economic crisis; and a consequent reduction in media diversity and in comprehensive and accurate reporting about the country’s political and economic situation.
 
 
Demotion of Greece   Free to Partly Free due to the increasingly hostile legal, political and economic environment that exists for the press, to an increase in intimidation and attacks against journalists, the closure or cuts in many forms and shows, as a result of the economic crisis and a concomitant reduction of media pluralism and to reduce complete and accurate reports (reports) on the political and economic situation of the country.
 
 
 
In 2012, the economy in Greece deteriorated as the government took further austerity measures, which led to protests and social unrest during the year.
 
 
 
The parliamentary elections held in May and June led to victory the conservative New Democracy party, which formed a coalition government continued to support pressing the popular anti austerity program.
 
 
 
Meanwhile, the far-right party Golden Dawn, which occupied seats in parliament for the first time, initiated a campaign of intimidation against groups, such as immigrants and the political left.
 
 
 
These factors contributed to a significant reduction in the legal, political and economic environment, on freedom of the press in 2012.
The constitution and Greek legislation includes provisions on freedom of speech and the press, and the right to access information. However, there are some limits on expression that incites discrimination, violence, social unrest and versions that are obscene insult religious beliefs or advocating violent overthrow of the political system. In 2012, the implementation of these laws has increased, and there were several cases in which the government threatened journalists with legal action.
 
 
 
In the most prominent case, the journalist Kostas Vaxevanis was arrested in October and indicted privacy violation   for publication in the research journal Hot Doc, the so-called List Lagarde, a list of prominent Greek citizens who had transferred funds in Swiss bank accounts and allegedly avoided   paying taxes in Greece. The list was given to the Greek government by the then French Finance Minister Christine Lagarde, in 2010, but Greek officials had not taken any measure. Although Vaxevanis initially acquitted in November prosecutors announced that they will face a retrial because the original decision was “not credible.”
 
 

Among other cases, in February the National Radio and Television Council (ESR), an independent body that oversees the broadcast media, fined the radio station Real FM € 25.000 ($ 32.600) for comments made on the air by   journalist George Tragas on German Chancellor Angela Merkel, which deemed as defamatory.

In September, a blogger with the pseudonym “Elder lasagne” was arrested on charges of malicious blasphemy and had a satirical Facebook page for the deceased Elder Paisios, a religious figure who remains popular in   sections of the Greek population. In October, the television journalist Spyros Karatzaferis arrested a day before transmitting any convictions complaints about the
deterioration of economic data from kyvernisi.O Karatzaferis arrested for an unrelated warrant, for which there had previously made and acted upon.
 
 
 

Also in October, the Minister of Public Order Nikos Dendias threatened to file a lawsuit against the British newspaper Guardian, on article reported that Greek protesters who were detained, tortured and beaten at the police headquarters in Athens. The story had not been reported widely by the Greek media. The Dendias fell after the coroner’s report confirmed that the marchers were abused.

The regulatory environment for broadcasting   remains dark. The most recent licenses for radio stations issued in 2002, and TV stations in late 1990. The initial conditions of all existing licenses have expired. The government has passed successive annual extensions of all emission permits   and this practice continues, even after the 2011 decision was issued the State Council declared it unconstitutional
 
 
Many radio and television stations, operated under a license which can be revoked at any time, while others operate without any license. Since not issued new licenses for several years, the only way to enter the broadcasting market   is by purchasing an existing plant. Moreover, a policy recently imposed by the ESR requires stations to characterize their program as either news or as non-news stations the latter category may be broadcast to air any news program and have been fined for this. It is difficult for stations to switch their registration from the moment that have been set there, although the enforcement of the regulation is uneven, as stations with more political and economic influence, avoid   often the punishment.
 
 
 
The 2007 law for the media states that the main language of broadcast radio stations is Greek. The law also requires radio stations to retain a certain amount of reserve and hire a minimum number of full-time staff, adding a disproportionate burden on small stations, municipal and those belonging to minorities (minorities) .. The same law allows radio stations belonging to political parties to operate without a license.
 
 
 
In October 2012, the Council of State ruled in favor of Christianity FM, a radio station that belonged to the Free Apostolic Church of Pentecost. The station was closed in 2001, since she could not get permission. Under the new decision, the ESR issued a license for the station, but failed to allocate a frequency, and the station remained off the air at the end of the year. In December, the Euronews-a pan-European news channel whose public Greek Radio and Television (ERT), a founding member-started broadcasting in Greek language. Within days, however, the terrestrial broadcast of temporarily stopped by ERT, which claimed potential   “Harmful consequences” for news of ERT and the public interest.
 
 
Both public and private media is largely free from government restrictions, but state stations tend to do reportage with a bias in favor of the government.
 
 
 

There are several independent newspapers and magazines, including some that reflect negatively on the current government. However, many media owners have a close relationship with the government, and this is often reflected in the lack of critical commentary on key issues, including the debate on the economic crisis.

In February, the economist and journalist Dimitris Kazakis fired from the radio station Alfa 98.9 as a result of his views, against austerity. In October, ERT, amid allegations of political pressure, suspended the broadcast of television presenters Kostas Arvanitis and Marilena Katsimi for the comments made on the air about the reaction of the Minister of Public Order on the Guardian article noted above. The two journalists later returned.
 
 
 

Also in October, the general director of the state ANA-MPA News Agency (AMPE) was removed for publication in the bodies of two alleged inaccurate reports, including one on the list Lagarde. In December, the reporter Thanos Dimadis resigned from the station Skai, arguing that it could no longer operate under the pressure of keeping track of Skye, in favor of austerity measures.

The trend of increasing violence against journalists continued in 2012. A number of journalists were attacked and sometimes injured during demonstrations against the country’s austerity plan. In March, the correspondent   Anthi Karassava was attacked by police and taken to the police station, while covering the military parade in Athens, on Independence Day.

 
 
In April, Manos Lolos, an accredited photographer covering a demonstration in Athens, was hospitalized with serious injuries after he was beaten by police. Reporters also have received   assaulted by individuals associated with the Golden Dawn during the year, including Xenia Kounalaki, which was threatened in April after publishing critical articles for the party.
 
In November, the journalist Michael Tezaris beaten by members of the Golden Dawn in a demonstration against immigrants. Separately, Constantine Mpogdanos, radio producer and journalist of Skai TV, admitted assault by three men in Athens in May. And in September, an attempt was made on his life Vaxevani outside his home in Athens. One suspect was not arrested until the end of the year, for any of the attacks.
 
 
 
The contraction of the economy and the decline in circulation and advertising, was continued to adversely affect the media sector in 2012, reducing their ability to meet the crisis and the corresponding political turmoil. Many media organizations either closed or made cuts staff and wages, reduced or closed areas of news, or failed to pay wages. From the start of the economic woes of the country in 2010, an estimated 30% of journalists have lost their jobs.
 
 
 

During 2012, a series of radio and television stations went off the air, including 902 TV and municipal radio station Xenios FM. In September, the prominent news radio station Antenna FM, turned into a music station to reduce costs.

Newspapers like the Evening, Eleftherotypia, Tomorrow Initiative, Adesmeytos Press, the weekly financial newspaper Investor’s World, and the English-language Athens News suspended the issuance, in 2012. The strikes of workers in the media, most often due to non-payment of salaries, were frequent, causing recurring holiday function.
Approximately 53% of the population had access to the internet on a regular basis in 2011, and access was restricted. With the cuts in the traditional media, many journalists and citizens use new media and social media for the dissemination of independent or alternative views.
 
 
 
READ ON
 
 
 
The British Index on Censorship published cases of censorship and suppression of government Samaras.
 
 
 
 
Freedom House
Greece
Status: Partly Free
Legal Environment: 12
Political Environment: 19
Economic Environment: 10
Total Score: 41
Survey Edition
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Total Score, Status
27, F
29, F
29, F
30, F
30, F
 
Status change explanation: Greece declined from Free to Partly Free due to an increasingly hostile legal, political, and economic environment for the press; a rise in intimidation of and attacks against journalists; closures of, or cutbacks at, numerous print and broadcast outlets as a result of the economic crisis; and a consequent reduction in media diversity and in comprehensive and accurate reporting about the country’s political and economic situation.
 
In 2012, Greece’s economy worsened as the government adopted additional austerity measures, leading to protests and social unrest throughout the year. Parliamentary elections held in May and again in June led to victory for the conservative New Democracy party, which formed a coalition government that continued to push through the unpopular austerity program. Meanwhile, the far-right party Golden Dawn, which captured seats in the parliament for the first time, embarked on a campaign of intimidation aimed at groups including immigrants and the political left.
 
These factors contributed to a significant decline in the legal, political, and economic environment for press freedom in 2012.
 
The constitution and Greek law include provisions for freedom of speech and the press, as well as the right to access to information. However, there are some limits on speech that incites discrimination, violence, and public disharmony, as well as on publications that are obscene, offend religious beliefs, or advocate the violent overthrow of the political system. In 2012, the enforcement of these laws increased, and there were several instances in which the government threatened journalists with legal action.
 
 
 
In the most prominent case, journalist Kostas Vaxevanis was arrested in October and charged with violation of privacy for publishing, in his investigative magazine Hot Doc, the so-called Lagarde List of prominent Greek citizens who had transferred funds to Swiss bank accounts, allegedly to avoid paying taxes in Greece. The list had been given to the Greek government by then French finance minister Christine Lagarde in 2010, but Greek officials had taken no action. Though Vaxevanis was initially acquitted, in November prosecutors announced that he would face a retrial because the original verdict had “lacked credibility.”
 
 
Among other cases, in February the National Council for Radio and Television (NCRTV)-an independent agency that oversees broadcast media-fined radio station Real FM € 25,000 ($ 32,600) for comments made on the air by journalist Giorgos Tragas about German chancellor Angela Merkel that were deemed to be defamatory.
 
 
In September, a blogger using the pseudonym “Geron Pastitsios” was arrested on charges of malicious blasphemy for maintaining a satirical Facebook page for Elder Paisios, a deceased religious figure who remains popular withsegments of the Greek populace. In October, television journalist Spiros Karatzaferis was arrested a day before he was to broadcast potentially damning allegations regarding the
government’s alteration of economic data. Karatzaferis was arrested on an unrelated warrant that had not previously been acted upon.
 
 
Also in October, Public Order Minister Nikos Dendias threatened to file a lawsuit against Britain’s Guardian newspaper for alleging in an article that detained Greek protesters were tortured and beaten at police headquarters in Athens. The story was initially not widely reported by Greek media. Dendias backed down after a medical examiner’s report confirmed that the protesters had been abused.
 
 
The regulatory environment for broadcasting remains murky. The most recent licenses for radio stations were issued in 2002, and for television stations in the late 1990s. The original terms of all extant licenses have since expired. The government has passed successive one-year extensions of all broadcast licenses, and this practice continues even though a 2011 decision by the Council of State declared it unconstitutional.
 
 
Many radio and television stations are operating with a permit, which can be revoked at any time, while others function without any kind of license. Since no new licenses have been issued in several years, the only way to enter the broadcast market is by purchasing an existing station. Moreover, a policy that has recently been enforced by the NCRTV requires stations to classify their programming as either news oriented or non-news oriented. Stations in the latter category are not permitted to air any news-related programming, and have been fined for doing so. It is difficult for stations to change classifications once they have been set, though enforcement of the rule is uneven, with more politically and economically influential stations often avoiding punishment.
 
 
 
A 2007 media law mandates that the main transmission language of radio stations be Greek. The law also requires radio stations to keep a certain amount of money in reserve and hire a minimum number of full-time staff, placing a disproportionate burden on small, municipal , and minority-owned stations. The same law permits broadcast stations owned by political parties to operate without a license.
 
 
In October 2012, the Council of State ruled in favor of Hristianismos FM, a radio station belonging to the Free Apostolic Church of Pentecost. The station had been shut down in 2001 after it was unable to acquire a license. Based on the new decision, the NCRTV issued a license to the station, but it failed to allocate a frequency, and the outlet remained off the air at year’s end. In December, Euronews-a pan-European news channel of which the public broadcaster Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (ERT) is a founding member-launched its Greek-language version. Within a few days, however, its terrestrial broadcast was temporarily halted by ERT, which cited potential “harmful consequences” for ERT’s own newscasts and the public interest.
Both public and private media are largely free from government restrictions, but state-owned stations tend to report with a progovernment bias.
 
 
There are several independent newspapers and magazines, including some that portray the incumbent government unfavorably. However, many media owners have a close relationship with the government, and this is often reflected in a lack of critical commentary on key issues, including the debate surrounding the financial crisis.
 
 
In February, economist and journalist Dimitris Kazakis was fired by radio station Alpha 98.9 as a result of his antiausterity views. In October, ERT, allegedly under political pressure, suspended television presenters Kostas Arvanitis and Marilena Katsimi for comments they made on the air about the public order minister’s reaction to the Guardian article noted above. The two were later reinstated.
 
 
 
 
Also in October, the general manager of the state-owned Athens-Macedonian News Agency (AMNA) was ousted for the agency’s publication of two purportedly inaccurate wire-service reports, one of which pertained to the Lagarde List. In December, journalist Thanos Dimadis resigned from national station Skai TV, claiming that he could no longer work under the pressure of maintaining Skai’s proausterity editorial line.
 
 
A trend of growing violence against journalists continued in 2012. A number of journalists were attacked and in some instances injured during protests against the country’s austerity plan. In March, correspondent Anthee Carassava was attacked by police and taken to a police station after covering an independence day military parade in Athens.
 
 
In April, Manos Lolos, an accredited photographer covering a protest in Athens, was hospitalized with severe injuries after being beaten by police. Journalists were also attacked by individuals affiliated with Golden Dawn during the year, including Xenia Kounalaki, who was threatened in April after publishing a critical article on the party.
 
In November, journalist Michael Tezari was beaten by members of Golden Dawn at an anti-immigrant demonstration. Separately, Konstantinos Bogdanos, a radio presenter and journalist for Skai TV, was violently assaulted by three men in Athens in May. And in September, an attempt was made on the life of Vaxevanis outside his home in Athens. No suspects were arrested by year’s end in either attack.
 
 
 
The contracting economy, and the resulting decline in circulation and advertising, continued to adversely affect the media sector in 2012, weakening its ability to cover the crisis and the corresponding political turmoil. Numerous media outlets have either closed, cut back staff and salaries, scaled down or eliminated their news departments, or failed to pay wages. Since the onset of the country’s financial woes in 2010, an estimated 30 percent of journalists have lost their jobs.
 
 
During 2012, a number of radio and television stations went off the air, including the national station 902 TV and the municipal radio station Xenios FM. In September, prominent news radio station Antenna FM switched to a music format to cut costs.
 
 
Newspapers such as Apogevmatini, Eleftherotypia, Avriani, Adesmeytos Typos, the weekly financial paper Kosmos tou Ependyti, and the English-language Athens News suspended printing in 2012. Employee strikes at media outlets, most often due to unpaid wages, were frequent, causing repeated interruptions in their operations.
Approximately 53 percent of the population accessed the internet on a regular basis in 2011, and access is not restricted. With the cutbacks at traditional outlets, many journalists and citizens are using new and social media to disseminate independent or alternative viewpoints.
 

3 thoughts on “3/5/2013 :UN downgrades Greece to ‘Partly Free’

  1. Now that iz some funny shit partly free. It iz u are free or u are fucked. And I know tha feeling well since I am a Nu-Afrikan male living on stolen land and I am in fear 4 my life on a daily basis just az my ancestorz were hung and lynched on a daily basis because of tha colour of our skin..

    • we,the non neo nazis no we are not free,the press is “partly free”is exactly the point of the study: to discriminate the people from the elite press people. Its not that far from the Apartheid state- of mind. We,we are the funny part of the story,i think you understand what i mean : we are just expendable,Long live democracy huh

    • long story idk really romans were lynching early christians,christians were lynching late pagans thats the story of our human race. wont justify all those killings,I do beleive in peace but here,well here its another story,a painful one. the killing fields of democracy. Maybe our last chance and its lost bcs of all those horseshit.

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